Alyoshin portrait
The Order of Glory was an enlisted man's decoration, from the lowly private to an aviation junior lieutenant. There seems to have been prejudice towards enlisted personnel when it came to high-end decorations. The Orders of Lenin and Red Banner were reserved for officers. There needed to be an award for the enlisted men and women, which recognized great military deeds leading up to the highest honor. While they were still eligible for the HSU, the three classes of the Order of Glory were created to solve this problem. When a
During the Great Patriotic War, over 11,500 Soviet soldiers won the esteemed title of Hero of the Soviet Union. As of 1967, 119 received the honor twice and seven received it for the third time. Additionally, 2,398 became Cavaliers of the Order of Glory from 1943 through 1945, which had the same status and privileges as the HSU. The rarest of these recipients was the individual who became a Hero of the Soviet Union and a Cavalier - there were only four!
Gold Star medal for HSU Hero-Cavilier award book
3 classes of the Order of Glory
soldier won all three classes, then he received the title of Cavalier. The honoree was afforded the same status and privileges as the Hero of the Soviet Union. If one were to compare the Order of Glory to American decorations, the 3rd Class would be about equivalent to our Bronze Star, the 2nd Class to the Silver Star, and the 1st Class to the Medal of Honor.
Why were there only four Hero-Cavaliers from the Great Patriotic War? They were due to delays in forwarding the award recommendation up the chain of command or misplacement of the recipient's records. Instances of multiple awards of the same class were common. Quite a few soldiers received the Order of Glory 1st Class long after the war when they learned that they could turn in their duplicate awards for the next higher class.
T
he four Her
o-Cavaliers were Andrei Alyoshin (artillery), Ivan Drachenko (pilot), Pavel Dubinda (Marine), and Nikolai Kuznetsov (artillery).

ANDREI VASILYEVICH ALYOSHIN

Andrei Alyoshin was born on June 3, 1905 in the village Novosyolki, of the Kozelsk area of the Kaluga region (central part of Russia, south of Moscow). His parents were peasant farmers. Young Alyoshin only finished four grades of school and toiled as a farm laborer. He began his military career when he joined the Army in 1938. A year later, he was sent to fight in the Soviet-Finnish War, which ended in 1940.
With the end of hostilities, Alyoshin returned to the collective farm where he began his new career in bookkeeping. However, on June 22, 1941, war came to Popelevo when the Germans launched their attack upon the Soviet Union. The very next day, Alyoshin said farewell to his wife and four children, and went off to re-enlist in the Army. He was soon fighting the Germans as they advanced towards Moscow. At first, Pvt Aloyshin served as a gun layer. He was so dedicated in his task, he slept by the artillery piece and never left

continued...

Go to Main

Page 1 of 2

Next Page

Copyright 2002 Henry Sakaida. Click here for Terms of Use Policy applicable to this site.