The Soviet Military Awards Page Forum  
  • Serial Numbers Database 2.0
Enter Here

vBClassified Featured Listings
Fighting for Ukraine Veteran Badge
Ukrainian NKVD/KGB 50th Anniversary Badge - B..,
383 Rifle Division Veteran Badge
Echoes of War
Fafanova Kiev 1500 Jubilee

Go Back   The Soviet Military Awards Page Forum > Soviet Awards Forums > Soviet Sphere > Polish People's Republic > Polish Medals

Reply
 
Thread Tools Display Modes
Old 08-08-2004, 06:15 PM   #1
Taz
Senior Member
 
Taz's Avatar
 
Join Date: Oct 2003
Location: Herford, Germany
Age: 62
Posts: 2,152
(Krzyz Walecznych)

This is the rare issue as manufactured in Soviet Union and issued to select Polish soldiers for the battle of Lenino.
This is one of the rarest issues of this interesting award as the Polish National eagle is crowned. These were made in the Moscow National mint.
The 1944 types had an uncrowned eagle.There were only 46 official awards of this type for the Battle of Lenino however more were made.
42-44mm.

Eddie.
Attached Images
File Type: jpg pol fro.jpg (30.1 KB, 31 views)
File Type: jpg pol ba.jpg (18.7 KB, 29 views)
__________________
Everybody's equal, But some more than others!
"Those who come to us with the sword - will be killed by the sword" - Alexander Nevski

Last edited by CtahhR; 03-10-2013 at 10:43 AM.
Taz is offline   Reply With Quote
Sponsored Links
Old 08-08-2004, 06:18 PM   #2
Taz
Senior Member
 
Taz's Avatar
 
Join Date: Oct 2003
Location: Herford, Germany
Age: 62
Posts: 2,152
18. Cross of Valor

It is awarded for outstanding acts of Military Valour. May be awarded multiple times. Initiated in 1920. Awarded for actions in the 1863 uprising, WW I and the Polish-Soviet War 1918-1921. Re-established by the Exile Government (1940) and PRL (1943). Re-established 1990 by III RP and now awarded mainly to UN peace keepers.
Although strictly speaking this is now a Nato Medal the fact that the variation in the above posts was actually minted in the USSR surely merits the mentioning of this Bravery Medal.

MAIN VARIANTS
-----------------
For identifying main variations of the Cross of Valour.

II RP 1920-1939

(all original II RP Crosses with machine stamped numbers up to number 59999).
First Issue of 1920 was made by Rozycki of Warsaw. 5499 produced. Eagle on a clear background and no year appears on the lower arm of the obverse of the dark copper Cross. On the reverse the wreath is half laurel leaves and half oak leaves. Sword on reverse with balls on the hilt. Letter A is normal. Suspension device soldered on. Ribbon ring soldered at seam. About 20 were awarded in 1933 to Veterans of the 1863 uprising. Copies now exist.

Second Issue of 1920 was made by Knedler of Warsaw with some sub-contracted to Gontarczyk. 39,500 produced. Has 1920 on lower arm on the obverse. Letter A is now with a "v" instead of a "-" cross stroke. The background of the Eagle has vertical stripes. The wreath on the reverse is now entirely laurel leaves. Suspension is part of the Cross with a hole drilled through it. Sword on the reverse with "bow tie" hilt. Copies exist.

Third issue of 1921 was smaller (36 mm x 36 mm as opposed to the original 44 mm x 44 mm). Between 12,500 and 15,000 of these were made. Much the same as the second version, except smaller. Some people claim that these were for nurses or women, which is not true. It was felt that the Cross should be a bit smaller than the Order of Virtuti Militari. The smaller size may have also had something to do with reducing costs. Copies exist.

Ribbons for the II RP issues come in many variations in shade and size. Hook and eye attachments were issued after 1929. Straight ribbons were issued before 1929, and these were suspended on a wide pin with ball shaped nuts on either end.

Multiple awards were denoted by a bar worn on the ribbon. There were 3 main variations of theses bars made during the II RP/Exile periods. First version awarded from 1920 to 1925 had small oak leaves and a leaf on each end. The second version awarded 1925-1939 had slightly larger leaves and an acorn at each end. The third version was made outside Poland for the Exile forces. It has even larger leaves and a pair of leaves at each end. Knedler made 75,000 of these bars.

WW II EXILE ISSUES

The 1939 issue is controversial. It appears that a few were possibly made, but when and by whom is unknown. Most sources consider this Cross an engraver's fantasy. These Crosses are very similar to the 1943 issue listed below. Perhaps they were made in 1943 as trials, but the date changed to 1943 to reflect Soviet influence. Replicas were made in numbers since 1975.

The 1940 issue is considered the first Exile issue. 600 were produced by Huguenin in Switzerland and were awarded to soldiers of the 2nd Rifle Division (interned in Switzerland since the fall of France in 1940 until the end of the War). This Cross is small (36mm x 36mm).

The Exile Government resumed the use of 1920 on Crosses produced from 1941 onwards. The ribbon colours were juxtaposed in order to distinguish the WW II awards from the original pre-War awards. A total of about 40,000 original WW II era Crosses were made by various makers including Spink in London as well as a few other English companies. Others were made in Palestine, Italy and France. Most Eagles on these issues have shorter tails and larger claws compared to the pre-War Crosses. Exile Crosses usually have normal A's with a "-" cross stroke. Sizes vary from 40mm x 40mm to 44mm x 44mm. None were officially numbered during WW II.

PRL CROSSES

The first version awarded by the PRL was the 1943 Cross. It was made by copying a pre-War Cross and the Eagle had a Crown. The year 1943 replaced 1920 on the lower arm. Very few of these were made by the Gosznak mint in Moscow. Dark bronze. Suspension ring made of copper and soldered at the seam. Originals are extremely rare.
Two slight variations
1) 43mm x 48mm (including suspension) rarest version, 20 stripes behind Eagle.
2) 43.5mm x 48 mm (including suspension) 25 stripes behind Eagle.
Copies, including cast copies are around in numbers.

Second issue 1944 -made at a Soviet mint, the crown disappeared from the Eagle and the year changed to 1944. The Eagle's neck was extended up and to the left to fill in the space left from the crown. 43.5mm x 49mm (including suspension). Copies made in the 1980's.

Third issue 1944 issue made by Knedler, 1945. Slightly smaller Cross (2 versions- dark bronze or brass) 36mm x 39mm (including suspension). Brass suspension ring, not soldered at the seam. The feathers on the left wing (no joke) were higher than those on the right wing of the Eagle.

In 1945 a rare 1944 Tombak version was produced by an unknown maker. 40mm x 43.5 mm (including suspension).

In 1950, Grabski in Lodz made a slightly larger 1944 Cross in light bronze in two versions (either 3 or 4 feathers in the Eagle's tail). 43.5mm x 49 mm (with suspension).

In 1960 the State Mint Produced the Official 1944 Cross of 44mm x 44mm, made of brass (two main versions, both fairly common).

Multiple awards by the PRL were rare. Regulations abolished bars on ribbons in the 1950's.

III RP

The Cross of Valour was re-established in 1990 by the current Polish Government. This version closely resembles the II RP issue, using 1920 on the obverse lower arm.

Eddie.

Cross 1920 (with bar), Cross WWII (two bars)
Attached Images
File Type: jpg Unbenannt3.jpg (30.9 KB, 34 views)
__________________
Everybody's equal, But some more than others!
"Those who come to us with the sword - will be killed by the sword" - Alexander Nevski
Taz is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 08-08-2004, 06:20 PM   #3
Taz
Senior Member
 
Taz's Avatar
 
Join Date: Oct 2003
Location: Herford, Germany
Age: 62
Posts: 2,152
Controversial 1939 Cross of Valour; WW II Exile Cross of Valour; 1944 Communist issue Cross of Valour.
Attached Images
File Type: jpg kw2.jpg (30.6 KB, 31 views)
__________________
Everybody's equal, But some more than others!
"Those who come to us with the sword - will be killed by the sword" - Alexander Nevski
Taz is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 03-17-2007, 06:46 PM   #4
Taz
Senior Member
 
Taz's Avatar
 
Join Date: Oct 2003
Location: Herford, Germany
Age: 62
Posts: 2,152
Cross of Valour with 3 bars
Attached Images
File Type: jpg c of v 3 bars.jpg (40.7 KB, 7 views)
__________________
Everybody's equal, But some more than others!
"Those who come to us with the sword - will be killed by the sword" - Alexander Nevski
Taz is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 10-15-2012, 03:10 PM   #5
Kim
Senior Member
 
Join Date: Mar 2002
Location: Sweden
Posts: 227
Cross Of Valour 1944

I recently got this and it looks old but I'm far from an expert in this area. So can anybody say if it's good or bad?

/Kim
Attached Images
File Type: jpg Valour 1944.jpg (101.0 KB, 10 views)
Kim is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 10-15-2012, 03:39 PM   #6
medals73
Senior Member
 
medals73's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jul 2002
Location: Earth, most of the time
Posts: 2,017
Re: Cross of Valor 1944

Wish I could help. I have one as a part of the Dubrovin group (which I may never have posted?) and if it would help I could bring it home and scan it.
medals73 is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 10-16-2012, 09:42 AM   #7
Kim
Senior Member
 
Join Date: Mar 2002
Location: Sweden
Posts: 227
Re: Cross of Valor 1944

Thanks for the offer Ed! I'm not sure that it would help, so many variations on the cross. But on the other hand a nice Polish valor group is candy for the eyes. Please post. :thumbsup

/Kim
Kim is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 10-16-2012, 10:07 AM   #8
medals73
Senior Member
 
medals73's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jul 2002
Location: Earth, most of the time
Posts: 2,017
Re: Cross of Valor 1944

Quick image. Not exactly "Polish".

And, yes, the varieties of the CoV are maddening.
Attached Images
File Type: jpg Dubrovin01b.jpg (103.0 KB, 10 views)
medals73 is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 10-16-2012, 12:23 PM   #9
Kim
Senior Member
 
Join Date: Mar 2002
Location: Sweden
Posts: 227
Re: Cross of Valor 1944

Thanks for that. Perhaps not Polish but not bad.

From what I could see from the pic is that the "birds" are diffrent but the loop/ring is similar. So I guess I need further studies in variations and not fakes I hope.... I much rather would have had a documented one but sometimes you just get what's on the table.



/Kim
Kim is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 10-22-2012, 02:01 PM   #10
Tomahawk
Junior Member
 
Tomahawk's Avatar
 
Join Date: May 2012
Location: Spain
Age: 34
Posts: 44
Re: #18 Cross of Valour 1943 (variants 1920 - 1990+)

Hi guys!
I´m looking for one of this Cross of Valour for the RPL. Are they easy to find? How can you discover a fake? How much will it be a one with document? And without?
Thank you very much!!
Tomahawk is offline   Reply With Quote
Reply

Bookmarks


Currently Active Users Viewing This Thread: 1 (0 members and 1 guests)
 
Thread Tools
Display Modes

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are Off
[IMG] code is Off
HTML code is Off


Similar Threads
Thread Thread Starter Forum Replies Last Post
Order Of Bravery. Esteban_cool Albanian Orders 2 03-15-2018 01:05 PM
Order "For Civil Valour"/"For Industrialisation Valour". Christophe Mongolian Orders 31 11-22-2012 06:06 PM
For Labour Valour,U/N 1955,Senior Engineer,Rescue Of The Norwegian Tanker "Folga" RedMaestro2 Researched Medals "For Labour Valour" 19 10-09-2012 01:55 PM
For Labour Valour,U/N 1981,Ministry Of Lines Of Communication CtahhR Researched Medals "For Labour Valour" 5 09-18-2012 08:21 PM
Cross "For Valour". CtahhR EMERCOM 0 06-12-2012 08:17 PM

Imperial Russian Faberge 18k gold&Nephrite award cartridge belt shaped brooch
$15000.0
Imperial Russian Faberge 18k gold&Nephrite award cartridge belt shaped brooch pictureRUSSIAN CAUCASIAN KINDJAL DAGGER MATCHING BELT NAGAIKA WHIP IN PRESENTATION BOX
$11900.0
RUSSIAN CAUCASIAN KINDJAL DAGGER MATCHING BELT NAGAIKA WHIP IN PRESENTATION BOX pictureCrye Precision AOR1 Armor Chassis Plate Carrier W/ Belt Experimental Prototype
$9750.0
Crye Precision AOR1 Armor Chassis Plate Carrier W/ Belt Experimental Prototype pictureCivil War Confederate Rare "Haiman Style" Waist Belt Plate Tongue Only
$7500.0
Civil War Confederate Rare  100% Original Richmond Style Wreath CS Confederate Civil War Complete Belt
$5600.0
100% Original Richmond Style Wreath CS Confederate Civil War Complete Belt picture



All times are GMT -5. The time now is 08:17 AM.


Powered by vBulletin® Version 3.8.11
Copyright ©2000 - 2020, vBulletin Solutions Inc.
Copyright ©2011 Arthur G. Bates III