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The Researchers' Corner Research; the mysterious process which slowly sweeps away the passage of time to reveal the unique history within every award and unit.

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Old 10-06-2010, 02:00 PM   #1
Eryk
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For Wounds

While there was no equivalent of the Purple Heart in the USSR during WWII there apparently were different recognitions given for wounds. Cloth wound stripes as well as medals and orders.

Pobeda45’s is the first Red Banner I’ve noticed given for wounds, but have seen Bravery medals, Red Stars and OG IIIs for wounds.

Wondering if anyone knows if there was any official list of who should get what for a wound. Any known criteria, hierarchy, etc.? Which awards have you seen given for wounds? Heard somewhere that the 1985 OPW 1st Class was for veterans who were wounded, while the 2nd class was for those not wounded. True or not?
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Old 10-06-2010, 02:13 PM   #2
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Re: For Wounds

About OGPW 85:
babelfish traslation sorry
О НАГРАЖДЕНИИ ОРДЕНОМ ОТЕЧЕСТВЕН
Quote:
ON THE REWARDING BY THE ORDER OF THE PATRIOTIC WAR OF THE ACTIVE PARTICIPANTS

THE WORLD WAR II OF 1941-1945

Decree of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR dated March 11, 1985.

(Vedomosti of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, 1985 g., N 12, of st. 198)




The Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR decrees:
1. for the bravery, the durability and courage, appeared in the fight with the Fascist-German aggressors and the commemoration of the 40- anniversary of the victory of Soviet people in the World War II of 1941-1945 to produce the rewarding:

BY ORDER OF DOMESTIC THE SOLDIERS OF THE I DEGREE
Heroes of the Soviet Union - participants in the World War II;
the persons, rewarded with the order of the glory of all three degrees; marshals, Generals and Admirals, who took direct part in the World War II in the composition of acting army, partisan formings or in the underground, independent of their service rank in the period of World War II;
those, who took direct part in the great domestic soldier in the composition of acting army, partisan formings or in the underground, that received injuries in combat, rewarded in the period of great domestic they are milch by the orders of the USSR or by Medal for Valors, Ushakov, “for the combat merits”, [Nakhimova], “the partisans of patriotic war”;
invalids of the Great Patriotic War, who received injuries in combat.

BY ORDER OF THE PATRIOTIC WAR OF THE II DEGREE
Those, who took direct part in the World War II in the composition of acting army, partisan formings or in the underground, if they are not subject to rewarding by the Order of the Patriotic War of the I degree in accordance with the present edict.
2. rewarding by the Order of the Patriotic War of the I degree and by the Order of the Patriotic War OF THE II degree of active participants in the World War II is produced on behalf the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR by the Minister of Defense of the USSR. By chairman of the committee of national security of the USSR, by the interior minister of the USSR.
The order of idea and examination of petitions about the rewarding by the Order of the Patriotic War of the I degree and by the Order of the Patriotic War OF THE II degree of active participants in the World War II is determined by the Minister of Defense of the USSR, by the chairman of the committee of national security of the USSR, by the interior minister of the USSR.
3. to extend the action of the present edict: to participants in the war with militarist Japan.
About the official order for wound as far as I know there were only straps, later on RS.
But with a wild description and overlapping of what the orders should be given for + human fact. It's always difficult to say . Besides the RB is not for wound only.

Quote:
For active involvement on the fronts of Patriotic War and severe wounds received, deserving of award of Red Banner of Combat
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Old 10-06-2010, 08:26 PM   #3
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Re: For Wounds

Thanks for that translation, very understandable. Yes, it appears that a 1st class was awarded for participation and being wounded in combat.

Looking through my translations I've only one unequivocal 'for wounds' award. (Though I've read others of course here and on other forums.) Awarded in 1976 it's to a Black Sea Marine for a severe wound suffered in the battle at Novorossiysk in February, 1943. (He was invalided out of the military in September, 1943, because of the wound.) He was recommended for a Red Star, but it was 'downgraded' to an Order of Glory III. The citation reads:

Quote:
He participated in the battles against with German Fascist invader in the period of the Great Patriotic War within the 255th Naval Brigade since 12 July 1941 till 3 September 1943 in the position of Searchlight Operator.

On 2 February 1943 while participating in the offensive battle in the region of the city Novocherkassy (nb: this is what the translator returned, but it can't be accurate as the battle that the 255th was involved in on that date was at Novorossiysk. It's either a translation error or written incorrectly in 1976.) was heavily wounded: a gunshot wound by an explosive bullet in the right shoulder’s joint.

Due to the injury he was treated in the Military Navy’s hospital № 40 since 4 February 1943 till 3 September 1943. At the end of the treatment he was found unfit for military service and transferred into the reserves on 3 September 1943.

The injury is verified by the certificate of illness of the Military Navy’s Hospital 40 № 430/506 of 31 August 1943.

He is an Invalid of the Great Patriotic War of the 1st group.

He is currently in retirement. In his place of residence he is characterized positively. He does not have compromising files in the national courts or police.

The submission of the awarding is coordinated with the local party and the Soviet organs.

CONCLUSIONS: Deserves the awarding of the order of the “Red Star”.
Respectfully, I don't read the Pobeda45’s Red Banner citation as being for anything other than the (horrendous) wounds he received. "active involvement on the fronts of [the] Patriotic War" shows he was there, but wouldn't fulfill the criteria for a combat award, especially at the level of Red Banner. Not meaning he didn't deserve the award for his sacrifice, simply that the RB was only for the wounds.
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Old 10-06-2010, 09:45 PM   #4
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Re: For Wounds

Many awards were granted for wounds and the level award seemed to be for the severity of the wound. I agree that the RB you mentioned was both the worst wounding and the highest level of award.
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Old 10-07-2010, 03:15 AM   #5
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Re: For Wounds

Quote:
He was recommended for a Red Star, but it was 'downgraded' to an Order of Glory III. The citation reads:
That is upgraded :)

wounds, probably, I just have an idea, that wounds and injuries not always the same
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Old 10-07-2010, 09:35 AM   #6
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Re: For Wounds

Here's an example of Bravery medals being awarded for fairly serious, restrictive injuries:
http://www.soviet-awards.com/forum/s...tml#post121419
(From Norm, these are in Marketplace too :thumbsup )

I'm glad these people's sacrifices can live on through our research.

George
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Old 10-07-2010, 02:30 PM   #7
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Re: For Wounds

Quote:
Originally Posted by Eryk View Post
(nb: this is what the translator returned, but it can't be accurate as the battle that the 255th was involved in on that date was at Novorossiysk. It's either a translation error or written incorrectly in 1976.)
I think he meant Novocherkassk, which was liberated on 13 February 1943.
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Old 10-07-2010, 04:34 PM   #8
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Re: For Wounds

Setting aside KIA awards (obviously wounded, but another issue entirely), here are a few I "happen to know about":


OPW 1

"Tank radio operator [Stepan Stepanovich.] Mamenko was among the advancing troops during the attack on Rzhev as a part of the 1132nd Rifle Regiment of the 342nd Rifle Division of the 30th Army of the Central Front. Tank’s Commander was killed in combat on 31 December 1942. Sergeant Mamenko assumed the command of the tank. Mamenko’s tank, having advanced, crushed up to 30 Germans, three mortar detachments and a battery of 45mm guns.

"The enemy fought back fiercely. Heavy artillery of the Germans opened fire on Sergeant Mamenko’s tank. The tank was hit. Sergeant Mamenko was heavily wounded on 1 January 1943. Both of his legs were amputated below the knee. At this time he is an invalid of the 1st Group."


OPW 2

"Guards Private Aleksei Yakovlevich Verozubob was a participant of the Patriotic War from 20.8.42 through 7.12.45 on the Volkhov Front as part of the 206 Independent Machinegun-Artillery Battalion, 53 Army as a Line Manager-Communications Soldier.

"While defending the village of Gruzin (Kirishskii Region, Leningrad Oblast) he was seriously wounded by a bullet in the left buttocks. As a result of his wound, his testicles were amputated on the basis of a report from Evacuation Hospital #1148 dated 13.3.43.

"At the present he works as the Chief of Military Records in Angren and his work receives positive reviews.

"I am recommending Guards Private Aleksei Yakovlevich Verozubov for the Order of the Patriotic War II Class for his active participation in the Patriotic War and subsequent wounding."


Red Star

"Comrade Alimov Giez was an active participant in the Great Patriotic War in the defense of our Homeland. He fought in the 473 Rifle Regiment as a rifle squad leader [Rifle Squad Leader, 473 RR, 154 RD] from 12.1942 through 7.1944.

"On 11 July 1944 during combat he received a serious blind shrapnel wound of his left hip with damage to the hipbone. This wounding is verified by an information memo from EvacHospital #5954 dated 26.6.1945. At the present time he is a GPW Invalid, III Category.

"He works as a teacher in School #31, Pastdargomskii Region. He receives positive work evaluations.

"In agreement with this awarding are Secretary of the Pastdargomskii Regional Party Committee, Comrade Sharadzhabov, and Chairman of the Pastdargomskii Regional Executive Committee, Comrade Khudaikulov.

"Conclusion: For active participation in the Great Patriotic War and receiving a serious wound, he is deserving of the Order of the Patriotic War II Class. [Downgraded to Red Star.]"


Red Star

"Comrade [Ilya Grigoryevich] Reznikov took part in battles in 1941 – from December 31, 1941 as a commissar of the 3rd tank company of the 2nd tank battalion of the 40th tank brigade of the 51st Army in the Crimea.

"On March 14, 1942 during attacking the village of Karpech he was wounded by splinters of the shell that got into the tank. He was side wounded. When getting over from the broken tank to another one his left leg was wounded and he was evacuated to the 105th military hospital of Maikop. The village of Karpech was occupied.

"After the recovery Reznikov was appointed by the Chief of Staff of the Crimean front – General Major Begin as a staff representative of the Crimean front in charge of establishing order and strengthening the defensive capacity of the Kerch defense zone. On May 14, with the assembled and retreated infantry units he attacked the enemy to the north of the Kamysh-Burun and was wounded by a bullet in the left hand; his right hand was wounded by a splinter of a mine. Later he was evacuated to the hospital of Kislovodsk (Narzan baths).

""After recovery he was sent to the 164th western regiment of the North-Caucasus front as a troop train commissar – Abinskaya railway station – for escorting 1200 soldiers to the 336th division at the railway station Novoleushkovskaya. Coming back to 136th Armavir regiment, during the attack on Armavir he was slightly wounded into the head. On August 2, he was evacuated to the hospital of Tskhaltuba and later to hospital 1491 of Baku.

On October 21, 1942 he was released from Workers' and Peasants' Red Army and was taken off the books for 6 months as a disabled soldier of the second disability group.

"He arrived at the institute in September, 1943. He is well aware of military science, a disciplined, resolute and energetic officer. Morally stable, takes an active part in public affairs. He is devoted to the Lenin-Stalin party ideas.

"For his participation in the Patriotic War, two wounds and one contusion, for a successful schooling in the Institute deserves the government award, order of the Red Star."


[u]Red Star/u]

"On March 14, 1942 in the Crimea, in the 51st Army of the 40th tank brigade [Senior Lt. Ilya Grigory Reznikov] was in the capacity of a tank company commissar. During the attack of Karpech village, the infantry did not follow the tanks. Comrade Reznikov left his tank in order to lead forward the infantry and that time was wounded in his side and left hand.

"On May 14, 1942 acting as the Crimean front staff representative, at a distance of 5 km from Kamysh-Burun town he was slightly wounded in the right hand and right leg during the bombardment.

"On August 2, 1942 transporting the unit to the North-Caucasian front, 336th Armavir division, he got under bombardment where he was severely contused. After recovery he was discharged from the army on October 21, 1943 because of his state of health. After the recovery he again entered the army on July 15, 1944 on his own free will.

"Comrade Reznikov deserves the government award, order of the Patriotic War, 1st class. [Downgraded to Red Star.]"


Medal for Bravery

"On May 28, 1943, the 2d machine-gun section of the 3d machine-gun company received an order to destroy an enemy’s machine-gun emplacement. Junior Sergeant [Alexander Fedorovich] Tuzov together with soldiers of his section crossed a neutral zone and approached the front line of enemy’s defensive position. Under cover of coming darkness soldiers of Junior Sergeant Tuzov bombarded the enemy’s machine-gun emplacement with grenades. When they were falling back the enemy brought down heavy gun-fire. At this moment Junior Sergeant Tuzov was heavily wounded in the left leg with bomb splinters. Comrades carried their commander from the battle-field. Afterwards he was directed to Hospital №74 where he stayed for 3 months. Then comrade Tuzov was directed to his unit.

"Diagnosis: missile wound accompanied with fracture of the left shin.

"The report is made up according to narration. The wound is confirmed by certificate №3486 of May 28, 1943 issued by Hospital №74.

"For fulfilling his duty to the Motherland and heavy wound received, Tuzov deserves to be recommended for the government award, the medal For Courage."


Medal for Bravery

"Comrade A.A. Kirichko served in the Soviet Army from June 22, 1941 till July 1, 1945. Participated in the Great Patriotic War from March 1942 till May 18, 1942. On May 18, 1942 he was severely wounded in the battles against Germans as part of a naval brigade unit and was captured by the enemy while unconscious. Was held in the captivity from May 18, 1942 till April 9, 1945. Was liberated by American troops. Underwent special interviews from April 9, 1945 till July 1, 1945. Afterwards was discharged from the military. His wound is confirmed by the Medical Committee of the Zlatoust City Military Draft and Registration Office as of January 23, 1957. There are no other documents to confirm his wound. He is currently in disabled worker status, 3rd degree because of his illness.

"Has no disablement as the result of the wound.

"Has been working as an under-the-crane worker at the #1 rolling shop of the Zlatoust steel plant since October 23, 1945.

"Is characterized positively at his workplace.

"Conclusion: Deserves to be awarded the ‘For Bravery’ Medal for having been wounded while participating in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945."


I have others where the paperwork has only been summarised, not fully translated. Those awards are probably the single largest class among what lives with me. :(

Last edited by medals73; 10-07-2010 at 04:37 PM.
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Old 10-07-2010, 07:10 PM   #9
Eryk
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Re: For Wounds

Quote:
Originally Posted by Auke View Post
I think he meant Novocherkassk, which was liberated on 13 February 1943.
I don't think so simply because the 255th Naval (Rifle) Brigade made landings at what became the "Little Land" near Novorossiysk on 3-4 February 1943, and had launched before that to get in action. As far as I can find the 255th wasn't at Novocherkassk.
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Old 10-08-2010, 07:06 PM   #10
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Re: For Wounds

Interesting aggregate, showing that many different awards were bestowed for wounds. Remarkable, to my mind, that none of the regulations around each award explicitly state (exc: 1985 OPW I) that they should be awarded for being wounded, yet as time went on it apparently became official policy. I say apparently because of the number reported. If anyone ever runs into documentation of this development I for one would love to read it.

There's a paper in there for the right student... or non-student fascinated with these things. :) The right reader of Russian of course.
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