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Old 04-25-2004, 04:24 AM   #1
Taz
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Glossary of Soviet Terms and Abbreviations

Part 1
------------
Guys,
Somtimes questions are asked what does that Abbreviation mean? We can now check this list.
If you have any to add go ahead.


A - Administration
ABTU - Avto-Brone-Tankovoe Upravlenie - the Truck-Armor-Tank Directorate, also see the GABTU.
AKFD - Archive of film and photographic documents.
AMTORG - Amerikanskaya Torgovlya - Trade Company with USA.
Artkom - Artillerijskiy Komitet - the Artillery Committee.
ASSR - Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic.
BCPX - All-Russia Trade Union of Chemical Industry Workers.
BCXB & BDHX - Exhibition of Successes of the Soviet Agriculture,
BCXB CCCP, later BDHX CCCP.
BOT - Bronirovannaya Ognevaya Tochka - Armored Firing Point
ChKZ - Chelyabinskiy Kirovskiy Zavod - the Kirov Factory in Chelyabinsk.
ChTZ - Chelyabinskiy Traktorniy Zavod - the Tractor Factory in Chelyabinsk.
CMVS - Centralniy Muzei Voorushennikh Sil - Central Museum of the Armed Forces.
DOBROKhIM - Society of Friends of Chemical Defense and Chemical Industry
DOSAAF - Dobrovolhnoe Obxestvo Sodeistviâ Armii Aviacii i Flotu - voluntary society of assistance to army, aviation and navy.
DT - Degtyarev Tankoviy - the machine-gun developed by V.A.Degtyarev.
ENSV - Eesti Nuokogoude Sosialistemaaks Vabariig (Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic).
GAZ - Gorkovskiy Avromobilnij Zavod - the Gorkij Automobile Factory.
GAU - Glavnoe Artilleristkoye Upravlenie - the Chief Artillery Department.
GABTU - Glavnoe Avto-Brone-Tankovoe Upravlenie - the Chief Truck-Armor-Tank Directorate.
GBTU - Glavnoe BroneTankovoe Upravlenie - the Chief Tank Department.
GIRD - Gruppa po Izucheniyu Reaktivnogo Dvizhenia - Group for the Study of Jet Propulsion.
GKB - Glavnoe Konstruktorskoe Buro - the Chief Design Bureau.
GPU - Glavnoye Politicheskoye Upravleniye - State Political Administration (secret police), also see OGPU.
GKO - Gosudarstvennij Komitet Oboroniy - the State Defense Committee.
GOKO - see the GKO.
GULAG - Glavnoe Upravlenie Lagerei - Main Council of Prisoner Camps.
GUVP - Glavnoe Upravlenie Voennoi Promyshlennosti - Main Council of Military Industry.
HTO - Научное и Общество Текникал - Scientific and Tecnical Society.
KA - usually Krasnaya Armiya - Red Army.
KB - Konstruktorskoe Buro - Design Bureau.
KGB - Komitet Gosudarstvennoi Bezopasnosti - Committe of State Security
KhPZ - Kharkovskij Parovozostroitelnij Zavod - Kharkov Locomotive Factory.
Komsomol (TsK VLKSM) - A youth political organization.
KVVMU - Kaliningrad Higher Naval School
KVVMY - Red Banner Vladivostok Higher Naval School.
KVZhD - Kitaisko-Vostochnaya Zheleznaya Doroga - the Eastern-Chinese Rail Road.
KTZ - Kirovskij Tankovij Zavod - the Kirov Tank Factory.
LIAP - Leningrad Institute of Aviation Instruments.
MAI - Moscow aviation institute.
MIFI - Moscow Institute of Physics and Engineering.
MMU - Murmansk Maritime School (fishing fleet)
MVIMU - Murmansk Higher School of Navy Engineers.
MODVF - Moscow Society of Friends of the Air-Fleet.
Narkom - Narodniy Komissar - Peoples' Commissar (equal to Minister)
Narkomat - Narodniy Komissariat - Peoples' Commissariat (equal to Ministry).
Narkomfin - People's Commissariat of finance.
Narkomiust - People's Commissariat of justice.
Narkomnats - People's Commissariat for nationalities.
Narkompros - People's Commissariat of education.
Narkomtrud - People's Commissariat of labour.
Narkomvoenmor - Narodniy Komissar po Voennim i Morskim Delam - Peoples' Commissar for Military and Naval Affairs.
NKB - Naucho-konstruktorskoye Byuro - the Research Design Bureau.
NKO - Narodnyi Kommisariat Oborony - the People's Commissariat of Defense.
NKSM - Narodnyi Kommisariat Srednego Mashinostroeniya - the People's Commissariat of the Medium Machine-Building.
NKV - Narodnyi Kommisariat Vooruzhenij - the People's Commissariat of Armaments.
NKVM - Narodnyi Kommisariat Voennogo Mashinostroeniya - the People's Commissariat of the War Machine-Building.
NKVD - Narodnyi Kommisariat Vnutrennikh Del - the People's Commissariat of Internal Affairs.
NKTP - Narodij Komissariat Tankovoj Promyslennosti - the People's
Commissariat of the Tank Industry.
NTK - Nauchno-Tekhnicheskiy Komitet - the Scientific-Technical Committee.
OAT - Orudiino-Arsenal'nyi Trest - Artillery Arsenal Trust.
ODVA - Otdel'naya Dalnevostochnaya Armiya - Independent Far East Army.
ODVF - Society of Friends of the Air-Fleet.
OGPU - Ob'edinennoye Glavnoye Politicheskoye Upravleniye - Unified State Political Administration (secret police), also see GPU
OKB - Opytno-Konstruktorskoe Buro - the Pilot Design Bureau.
OKDVA - Osobaya Krasnoznamennaya Dal'nevostochnaya Armiya - ("Special Red Banner Far East Army")
OSOAVIAKhIM - Obshestvo Sodeistviya Oborone, Aviatzionnomy i Khimicheskomy Stroitel'stvu - The Association for Assistance of Defense, Aircraft and Chemical Development.
OTTPP - Otdelniy Tyazhelij Tankovij Polk Proriva - Independent Heavy Tank Breakthrough Regiment (also see TTPP).
PVKhO - Ready for Anti-Aircraft and Chemical Defense.
RGAKFD - Rossijskii Gosudarstvennii Arkhiv Kino-Foto-Dokumentov - Russian State Archive of Films and Photo Documents.
RGAE - Rossijskii Gosudarstvennii Arkhiv Ekonomiki - Russian State Archive of Economy.
RGK - Rezerv Glavnogo Komandovaniya - a Reserve of the High Command.
RKKA - Raboche-Krest'yanskaya Krasnaya Armiya - the Army of Workers and Peasants, or simply the Red Army.
RKKVF - Raboche-Krest'yanskaya Krasnayy Vozdushnyy Flot - Workers' and Peasants' Red Air Force. (Air Force name from 1918-1924,renamed to VVS in 1924).
RKP(b) - Russian Communist Party (of the bolsheviks).
RKSM - Russian Communist Union of Youth RLKSM from 1924, and VLKSM from 1926.
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Last edited by Taz; 11-27-2006 at 06:52 PM.
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Old 04-25-2004, 04:36 AM   #2
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Part II

RSFSR - Rossijskaya Sotsialisticheskaya Federativnaya Sovetskaya Respublika - Russian Socialist Federal Soviet Republic, one of 15 Soviet republics. Today, it is Russian Federation.
RVS - (or Revvoensovet) Revolutionniy Voennij Sovet - the Revolutionary Military Council.
RVGK - Rezerv Verkhovnogo Glavnokomandovaniya - see RGK.
SAP - Samokhodno-Artillerijskij Polk - the Self-Propelled Artillery Regiment
SKB - Samostoyatelnoe Konstruktorskoe Buro - the Independent Design Bureau
SNK - Sovet Narodnikh Komissarov - the Council of Peoples' Commissars (Council of Ministers) Sovnarkomsee the SNK
STZ - Stalingradskij Traktornij Zavod - the Stalingrad Tractor Factory
TSAP - Tyazhelij Samokhodno-Artillerijskij Polk - the Heavy Self-Propelled Artillery Regiment
TsK VKP(b) - Tsentral'niy Komitet Vsesojuznoi Kommunisticheskoi Partii
(bolshevikov) - the Central Comittee of the All-Union Communist Party (of
bolsheviks), later VKP(b) was renamed to CPSU (Communist Party of the
Soviet Union)
TTPP - Tyazhelij Tankovij Polk Proriva - the Heavy Tank Breakthrough Regiment
TsAKB - Tsentral'noye Artillerijckoe Konstruktorskoe Buro - the Central
Artillery Design Bureau
UZTM - Uralskiy Zavod Tyazhelogo Mashinostroyeniya - the Ural Heavy Machine-Building Factory.
UMMA - or UMM RKKA Upravlenie Motorizatzii i Mekhanizatzii Armii - the Directorate of Mechanization and Motorization of the Red Army.
VChK - All-Russian Extraordinary Commission for combatting counter-revolution and sabotage.
VIKZhEL - All-Union executive committee of railway trade unions.
VIM BTVT - Voenno-Istoricheskij Musej Bronetankovogo Vooruzheniya i Tekhniki - the Military-Historical Museum of Armored Transporters and Tanks.
VKP(b) - All-Russian Communist Party (Bolsheviks).
VOAO - Vsesoiuznoe Orudiino-Arsenal'noe Ob'edineniye - All-Union Artillery Arsenal Association.
VOKhR - Voiska Vnutrennei Okhrany Respubliki -Troops of Internal Security of the Republic
VOKS - All-Union society for cultural links with foreign countries.
VSNKh - Vysshiy Sovet Narodnogo Khozyaistva - the Supreme Soviet of the People's Economy.
VTsIK - All-Russian central executive committee.
VTsSPS - All-Russian central council of trade unions.
YaAZ - Yaroslavskij Avtomobilniy Zavod - the Yaroslavskiy Automoblile Factory.
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Last edited by Taz; 05-12-2004 at 10:36 AM.
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Old 04-25-2004, 05:03 AM   #3
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Everybody has seen these but I would like to add them in the style of the above list can anybody define these terms if possible.
Some may be already answered by the time you see this post but never mind.
I'm looking for terms that often appear on Badges and Medals etc.

BCXB & BDHX - Exhibition of Successes of the Soviet Agriculture,
BCXB CCCP, later BDHX CCCP
OKDVA - Special Red Banner Eastern Army
PVKO - "Ready for Anti-Aircraft and Chemical Defense"?
Komsomol (VLKSM), RKSM..........etc.
HTO - Научное и Общество Текникал - Scientific and Tecnical Society
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Old 04-25-2004, 06:25 AM   #4
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Taz,

There's huge book on the subject called "Slovar Sovdepii" - Dictionary of Soviet Society.

It has several thousand entries, including words specific to the period only, as well as plenty of abbreviations.

William
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Old 04-25-2004, 06:34 AM   #5
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William,
Thanks, ;) but I doubt everybody has that book.
I thought it might help if an abbreviation crops up on a Medal, Badge or in an article and one of the Forum members is not sure what it means they can take a quick look at the list to see if it is there.
Obviously not several thousand terms but at least the most common ones.
This may be a help to the new collectors.
What do you think?

Eddie.
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Old 04-25-2004, 10:24 AM   #6
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Book ?

Hi Eddie,

Thanks for posting the short terms. I always have problems with these short
terms.
I never heard about this book. I am very interested. Where you can get the
book?

Andreas
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Old 04-25-2004, 12:45 PM   #7
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Alfred
Hi Eddie,
I never heard about this book. I am very interested. Where you can get the
book?

Andreas
Hi Andreas,

I've no idea, :(
maybe William can help on that one.

Eddie.
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Old 04-25-2004, 02:24 PM   #8
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Taz
Hi Andreas,

I've no idea, :(
maybe William can help on that one.

Eddie.
Guys,
Send me PM - I'll see what I can do.

William
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Old 04-25-2004, 03:29 PM   #9
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Eddie,

The list you have made is really necessary and helps a lot!

Thanks,

Jussi-Pekka
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Old 04-25-2004, 03:56 PM   #10
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Thanks Jussi-P,

These lists will be updated when anything turns up.

Eddie.
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