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Republic Of Cuba República De Cuba 1st January 1959 -

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Old 03-12-2008, 03:27 PM   #1
Taz
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Movement 26th Of July; M-26-7

The 26th of July Movement was the revolutionary organization planned and led by Fidel Castro that in 1959 overthrew the Fulgencio Batista government in Cuba. The 26th of July Movement fought Batista on both rural and urban fronts.
Frank País was a key organizer within the urban underground movement.
In the summer of 1955, País’ organization merged with the July 26 Movement (M-26-7) of Fidel Castro. País became the leader of the new organization in Oriente province.
Up to this moment neither the police in Santiago nor the group members themselves knew the extent of the organization País had so painstakingly built. Then one day in early 1956 each cell was given the order to paint the name of the movement along with slogans against the tyranny on all the walls and buildings in their neighborhood. The next morning, the army, the police, and the people of Santiago awoke to the magnitude of the resistance. Every block in the city was covered with writing splashed in paint; “Down with Batista! M-26-7.” No one had been arrested.
Toward the end of that year, the movement began to prepare for the armed uprising that would cover Castro’s landing in Cuba and entrance into the mountains.
The 26th of July Movement's name originated from the failed attack on the Moncada Barracks, an army facility in the city of Santiago de Cuba, on July 26th, 1953. The movement was reorganized in Mexico in 1955 by a group of 82 exiled revolutionaries (including Fidel, his brother Raúl Castro, Camilo Cienfuegos, and the Argentinian Che Guevara). Their task was to form a disciplined guerrilla force to overthrow Batista.
On December 2, 1956, 82 men landed in Cuba, having sailed in the boat Granma from Tuxpan, Veracruz, ready to organize and lead a revolution. The early signs were not good for the movement. They landed in daylight and were attacked by the Cuban Air Force, killing most of those who landed. The landing party was split into two and wandered lost for two days, most of their supplies abandoned where they landed. Of the 82 who sailed aboard the Granma, only 16 eventually regrouped in the Sierra Maestra mountain range. There they encountered the Cuban Army. Guevara was shot in the neck and chest during the fighting, but was not severely injured. (Guevara, who had studied medicine, continued to give first aid to other wounded guerrillas). This was the opening phase of the war of the Cuban Revolution, which continued for the next two years. It ended in January 1959, after Batista fled Cuba on New Year's Eve when the movement's forces marched into Havana.
After Castro gained control of Cuba, the 26th of July Movement was joined with other bodies to form the United Party of the Cuban Socialist Revolution, which in turn became the Communist Party of Cuba in 1965.

The so-called Integrated Revolutionary Organizations (ORI) was formed in July 1961 by the merger of the Revolutionary Movement July 26th (MR-26-7, led by Fidel Castro), the People's Socialist Party (PSP, communist, led by Blas Roca) and the Revolutionary Directory March 13th (led by Faure Chomón). The ORI became on 26th March 1962 the United Party of the Cuban Socialist Revolution (PURSC), which converted into the Communist Party of Cuba (PCC) on 3rd October 1965.

The flag of the 26th of July Movement is on the shoulder of the Cuban military uniform, and continues to be used as a symbol of the Cuban revolution.
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File Type: jpg 26th julio.jpg (27.2 KB, 7 views)
File Type: jpg m367.jpg (25.6 KB, 4 views)
File Type: jpg heroes of moncada.jpg (26.2 KB, 4 views)
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Old 03-12-2008, 03:31 PM   #2
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M-26-7 uniforms were sewn by women who worked in the garment factories, working from a list of the sizes of each man in the cell, sewing at night in their homes. Those who cut the patterns did not know those who sewed them. Those who sewed were not told their final destination or the names of those who picked them up. The movement in Santiago by that time counted on about three hundred members, one hundred and fifty of who had participated in the failed November 30th uprising. Hundreds more were close collaborators.

M-26-7 armbands.
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File Type: jpg armband1.jpg (28.7 KB, 8 views)
File Type: jpg JULY 26 ITEM (1958-59).jpg (14.0 KB, 5 views)
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Old 03-13-2008, 04:51 AM   #3
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Badge of the Revolutionary Directory March 13th led by Faure Chomón.
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File Type: jpg DIRECTORIO REVOLUCIONARIO 13 DE MARZO.jpg (19.8 KB, 4 views)
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Old 09-14-2008, 11:05 AM   #4
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Re: Movimiento 26 de Julio; M-26-7

Here is an example of a Revolutionary Directory March 13th armband.
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Old 08-31-2010, 12:28 PM   #5
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Re: Movimiento 26 de Julio; M-26-7

With many thanks to Emanuele who has a nice collection of 26 de Julio items, I will be adding a few items here to the thread :)

To start are two images showing shoulder boards of the Movimiento 26 de Julio during and shortly after the revolution.

Regards Eddie
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File Type: jpg 26 During the rev.JPG (12.3 KB, 7 views)
File Type: jpg 26 After.JPG (21.7 KB, 6 views)
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Old 01-20-2019, 10:41 AM   #6
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Re: Movement 26th Of July; M-26-7

Thank you Eddie. These are my M-26-7 related memorabilia from the 60s
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File Type: jpg IMG-20190108-151215.jpg (37.7 KB, 0 views)
File Type: jpg IMG-20190108-151155.jpg (45.4 KB, 0 views)

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Old 01-20-2019, 10:44 AM   #7
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Re: Movement 26th Of July; M-26-7

..............
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Old 01-20-2019, 10:45 AM   #8
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Re: Movement 26th Of July; M-26-7

My favourites
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Old 04-19-2024, 06:46 AM   #9
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Re: Movement 26th Of July; M-26-7

Metal plate
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Old 04-19-2024, 07:56 AM   #10
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Re: Movement 26th Of July; M-26-7

From the 60's
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