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HISTORIC AMERICAN NATIONALTREASURE!
ORIGINAL 1783 DOCUMENT DECLARING THE FOURTH OF JULY AN OFFICIAL HOLIDAY FOR THE FIRST TIME!
AN HISTORIC AMERICAN NATIONAL TREASURE!
[With a Resolution declaring the 4th of July a Holiday for the First Time] "RESOLVES OF THE GENERAL COURT OF THE COMMONWEALTH OF MASSACHUSETTS IN NEW-ENGLAND ..." Boston, 1783 & 1784 bound together! First and Only Edition. Large Tall Folio measuring 14" x 8.75". Bound in a Hardback Cloth Binding.First Part for 1783 is paginated 1-82, Second Part for 1784 is paginated 83-151. Plus 13 Page Index in the rear! Ex-Library stamp on title, some staining, tiny hole on title to 3rd part.(100% COMPLETE!) Also Contains Dozens and Dozens of Revolutionary War Resolves, payment for loss of a hand in battle, Weapons Purchases, British Ships Seized, Prisoners, Relations with the Indians, ThePenobscot Expedition, Letters from General George Washington, etc.
THE VERY FIRST DOCUMENT DECLARING THE 4TH OFJULY AN OFFICIAL HOLIDAY!!!
On page 26 in the First Part is a Resolution Dated July 2, 1783 that reads as follows; ... "RESOLVE FOR CELEBRATING THE ANNIVERSARY OF THE INDEPENDENCE OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. JULY 2, 1783. Resolved, That the Legislature, preceeded by the Governor, the Lieutenant Governor, and the Council of the State, if his Excellency and their Honors shall see cause to attend, will on Friday next, (July 4th) at ten of the clock in the forenoon, that day being the anniversary of the Independence of the United States of America, repair to some suitable place for public worship, and there, in a solemn and public manner, render thanks to Almighty God, for his Great and unmerited mercy to these States, in supporting them through a dangerous, long, and expensive war, --- in raising them to rank among the nations of the earth, --- in establishing them as an independant Republic, --- in finally bestowing on them the long wished for blessing of a cessation of hostilities, --- and in affording them reason to hope, that they will speedily receive a definitive treaty of peace; and also to implore the divine benediction on the government and public concerns of these States. And the Governor and Council are requested to order such preparations in the Senate Chamber, at twelve of the clock on that day, as hath been usual on such occasions; and that the Governor would direct such demonstrations of Joy, by the discharge of cannon, etc, as he shall think proper. (The First Official Fireworks!!!)
Resolved, That John Pitts, Esq; Mr. Phillips, and Col. Dawes, be a committee to procure a place for the said meeting, and to acquaint the Rev. Doctor Cooper, the chaplain of the two Houses, that they expect he will take the lead in the devotion of the day."
HISTORY OF THE 4TH OF JULY:
By the middle of the 1700s, the 13 colonies that made up part of England's empire in the New World were finding it difficult to be ruled by a king 3,000 miles across the Atlantic Ocean. They were tired of the taxes imposed upon them. But independence was a gradual and painful process. The colonists could not forget that they were British citizens and that they owed allegiance to King George III.
A "tea party" and a "Massacre" were two events that hurried destiny. Along with general unrest these events united the colonists. In 1767 a tea company in India, owned by England, was losing money. To save the company, England levied a tax on tea sold in the colonies in 1773. Partly as a joke, Samuel Adams and other Bostonians dressed up as Indians and dumped a cargo of the India Company Tea into the Massachusetts Bay. King George III did not think it was funny, nor did he lift the tax on tea. In the Boston harbor, British soldiers were jeered and stoned by colonists who thought the soldiers had been sent to watch them. The soldiers fired into the crowd and killed a few citizens. The colonistscalled it a massacre.
Virginia took the first step toward independence by voting to set up a committee to represent the colonies. This First Continental Congress met in September of 1774. They drew up a list of grievances against the crown which became the first draft of a document that would formally separate the colonies from England.
George Washington took command of the Continental Army and began fighting the British in Massachusetts. For the next eight years, colonists fought fervently in the Revolutionary War. In the meantime, a war of words was being waged in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. On July 2, 1776, the Second Continental Congress presented & debated a second draft of the list of grievances, and John Hancock, the president of the Second Continental Congress, was the first to sign.
The document, called the Declaration of Independence, was treasonous against the crown and the fifty-six men who signed it were in danger of being executed. Independence Day is celebrated on July 4 because that is the day when the Continental Congress adopted the final draft of the Declaration of Independence.
From July 8, 1776, until the next month, the document was read publicly and people celebrated whenever they heard it. The next year, in Philadelphia, bells rang and ships fired guns, candles and firecrackers were lighted. But the War of Independence dragged on until 1783, and in that year, Independence Day was made an official holiday.
John Adams, a lawyer, who was the first Vice President and the Second President of the United States, was one of the members of the Second Continental Congress who signed the Declaration of Independence. He wrote to his wife, "I believe that it will be celebrated by succeeding generations as the great anniversary festival... it ought to be celebrated by pomp and parade, with shows, games, sports, guns, bells, bonfires and illuminations from one end of this continent to the other..."
John Adams may have predicted the later Independence Day celebrations or perhaps he started traditions with his words. Every July fourth, Americans have a holiday from work. Communities have day-long picnics with favorite foods like hot dogs, hamburgers, potato salad, baked beans and all the fixings. The afternoon activities would not be complete without lively music, a friendly baseball game, three-legged races and a pie-eating or watermelon-eating contests. Some cities have parades with people dressed as the original founding fathers who march in parades to the music of high school bands. At dusk, people in towns and cities gather to watch the fireworks display. Wherever Americans are around the globe, they will get together for a traditional 4th of July celebration!
AN HISTORIC AMERICAN NATIONAL TREASURE!
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