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A most incredible book of the History of our military academy at West Point, and to me single greatest historical document that I have had the privilegeof being the caretaker. I have listed the cadets first, which is a veritable Who's who of the military in the near future, but equally if not more spectacular are the faculty, which included some of the most influential military leaders of the time. And I believe I discovered and redefined history at least once, with the identification of Francisco Alcantara as the new earliest Latin American graduate of the Academy previously attributed to Luis R. Esteves. Starting with the Cadets, of the 68 graduates no less than 24 of them would go on to become Generals, with two Adjutant Generals of the Army, 1 Lt. General, 15 Major Generals, and 8 Brigadier Generals among what I could find. Also in this group were 1 Medal of Honor recipient, 3 Distinguished Service Crosses, 22 Distinguished Service Medals, 7 Legion of Honor Awards (1 Commander), 5 Croix de Guerre, 1 Belgium CDG, 2 Belgium Order of Leopold, 14 Silver Stars, 1 Navy Cross, 2 Order of Italy, 1 Order of Bath and 2 Purple Hearts. Highlights in the Cadets section for me include Alcantara Above, likely son of the former President of Venezuela, Major General Frank Ross McCoy and his extensive important history even through WW2, Seth Milliken of the famous Billionaire Milliken Family, the wonderful story and possible groundbreaking history of footballer Henry S. Morgan of Valdosta, and Medal of Honor recipient Charles Roberts and his extensive history.
At the beginning of the yearbook are photo's that are not named, but I have managed to identify most. Not to be outdone by the cadets, the first four photos are of the two Presidents McKinley and Cleveland of the year 1897, the Commanding General of the Army and the Superintendentof the Academy. Of the next 24 I researched, I found history which includes 1 Surgeon General of the US, 1 Judge Advocate General (JAG) of the US Army, 3 Major Generals, 10 Brigadier Generals, 2 Medal of Honor recipients, 1 Distinguished Service Cross, 4 Distinguished Service Medals, 1 Croix de Guerre, 1 Legion of Honor Commander, and 3 Silver Stars. Also there is much important Civil War history with a few of them. Highlights include obviously the MOH recipients, the JAG and Surgeon General, and the civil war history including a POW and two who were with the Army of the Potomac at Appomatox, of which one was also at Gettysburg. Maybe the most interesting character in this section could be BG Samuel Tilman, who has just recently (2008) been investigated about reports of his possible “flying machine” being tested and flown about 5 years earlier than the Wright Brothers???
Original book owner on cover: Clarence R. Day (see below for Bio)
Henry Abbot Illinois
Abbot or Abbott, Henry, Jan. 15, 1876 born at Bunker Hill, Ill., son of William and Elise or Elsie Abbot; June 11, 1897 graduated from West Point (55/67) and appointed additional 2ndlt., 20th U. S. Infantry Rgt. 1897-1898 at Ft. Leavenworth, Kansas; March 5, 1898 2ndlt., 1st U. S. Infantry Rgt. 1898 at Tampa, Fla. Dec. 23, 1898 died at Ft. Bliss, Texas of a hemorrhage. His father was a civil war veteran and his brother also graduated from West Point and became an instructor there.
R. S. Abernethy Texas
Robert Sweptson, Brigadier General
Robert Sweptson was awarded 3 silver stars for heroism in action.
Abernethy, Robert Swepston, Aug. 5, 1874 born in Gonzales County, Texas, son of Benjamin R. and Anna E. Swepston Abernethy; June 11, 1897 graduated from West Point (9/67) and appointed additional 2ndlt., 3rd U. S. Artillery Rgt. Feb. 10, 1898 2ndlt. Philippine Insurrection; Feb. 5, 1899 wounded at LaLoma Church, Philippine Islands; March 2, 1899 1stlt., 6th U. S. Artillery Rgt. July 5, 1899 capt., 36th U. S. Volunteer Infantry Rgt. Aug. 9, 1899 wounded at Bacolor, Philippine Islands; Dec. 24, 1899 maj., 36th U. S. Volunteer Infantry Rgt. Feb. 2, 1901 transferred to Artillery Corps; March 16, 1901 mo of volunteers; 1901-1903 on West Point staff; Aug. 1, 1901 capt., Artillery Corps; October-November 1916 commanded Ft. Hamilton, New York harbor; World War I-artillery brigade commander, AEF; 1930 at Honolulu, Hawaii; 1932 briggen. 1938 retired; June 10, 1952 died at Summerton, S. C. and buried in Arlington, Va. National Cemetery
Gonzales Inquirer June 10, 1901
Lieut. Robert Abernethy, who has seen several years service in the Philippines, and who is stated for promotion to a captaincy in the regular army, is now en route home, he having been ordered to report for duty at the West Point Academy, where he has been commissioned instructor.
Francisco Alcantara Venezuela
Although I have not been able to confirm this 100%, he is likely the son of former President of Venezuela Francisco Linares Alcantara who reigned from 1877 to 1878. He was admitted to the Academy via a joint resolution of Congress on December 22nd, 1892. As a Hispanic this entry may prove that he was actually the first Hispanic graduate of the Academy rather that Luis. R. Esteves as is claimed presently.
F. W. Altstaetter Ohio
Retired to civilian life for disability in 1920 with a final rank of Colonel as a civil engineer in the Army. Cremated and his ashes were spread over the Savannah river.
H. La. F. Applewhite Mississippi
Hugh LaFayette Applewhite achieved rank of Colonel, buried in Ft. Sam Houston National Cemetery
F. T. Arnold Iowa
Frederick Theodore, his highest rank and achievement was commanding the 80th Field Artillery Regiment in 1917 as a Colonel in WW1 and then becoming Chief Inspector at the American Embarkation Center in Brest after that.
Thomas Q. Ashburn Ohio
Thomas Quinn, Major General
Ashburn's first duty was with the 25th Infantry at Fort Missoula, in Montana, after which he was transferred to the artillery. Ashburn was commissioned a captain in the 34th United States Volunteer Infantry and was shipped to the Philippines.
In May 1900, he commanded one column of the pursuit of Emilio Aguinaldo. He was made a brevet major for gallantry in action at San Jacinto on November 11, 1899. From 1901 to 1902, Ashburn was the aide to General Arthur MacArthur, after which he was stationed in Cuba to command the 18th, 19th, and 24th Companies of Coast Artillery. He returned from Cuba in 1903, graduated from the School of Submarine Defense in 1907, and served a second tour in the Philippines. Ashburn then commanded and took to France the 324th Field Artillery Brigade and the 158th Field Artillery in 1918.
Ashburn became chairman of the advisory board of the Inland Waterways Corporation was made a brigadier general in 1924. In 1927, he became a major general. In 1938, he retired from the army, but remained with the Inland Waterways Corporation until 1939.
Geo. F. Baltzell Florida
George Franklin, colonel, his complete service record is online and it is very extensive--just Google his name. He was eventually commanding officer of the 22nd Infantry Regiment from 1925 to 1928 and 1934 to 1937. He was in Cuba, the Philippines and Canal Zone prior to WW1, where he eventually went to France with the 42nd Division of the National Guard AEF. After the war he went to Ft. Benning as the Chief Executive of the infantry school there. His final rank was Colonel.
Warren S. Barlow New York
Warren Sumner Barlow retired as a Captain in the 26th Infantry in 1905 "for disability contracted in line of duty" and eventually became a professor of military science and tactics at the New Mexico Military Institute. His final rank is listed as Major in 1917.
Harry Gore Bishop Indiana
Major General as Chief of Field Artillery
"On the entry of the United States into World War I, Bishop was promoted to Brigadier General. Serving in France, he commanded the 159th Field Artillery Brigade and later the 3rd Artillery Brigade. He received the Distinguished Service Medal and the French Légion d'honneur for his service." "In 1930, Bishop was promoted to Major General and made Chief of Artillery, subordinate only to the Chief of Staff of the United States Army, and relocated to Washington, D.C." Forced to retire due to illness he committed suicide. "He is buried in Arlington"
Sam F. Bottoms Texas
Sam Frank, Colonel in the Artillery Corps served on the front as commander of the 346th and 348th Field Artillery during WW1. Was also a part of the occupation forces in Germany after the war.
Albert J. Bowley California
Albert Jesse, Lieutenant General
An extensive history online but here are some excerpts: "a Lieutenant General (3 star!) in the United States Army. He was the son of First Lieutenant Freeman S. Bowley, who served in the Civil War with the 30th United States Colored Infantry. During World War I, Bowley successively commanded the 17th Field Artillery Regiment, 2nd Field Artillery Brigade, and VI Corps Artillery, attaining the rank of brigadier general in 1918, and receiving the Distinguished Service Medal. He was promoted to lieutenant general on August 5, 1939 when the four Army commanders were temporarily promoted to the reestablished grade and title of lieutenant general."
James F. Brady New York
James Francis, served in the Philippines and Cuba, achieved final rank of Colonel in the Coastal Artillery Corps.
Charles H. Bridges Illinois
Charles Higbee, Major General
in the United States Army served as Adjutant General of the U.S. Army from 1928 to 1933. The Adjutant General is the chief administrative officer for the US Army. He was awarded the Distinguished Service Medal.
M. C. Buckey District of Columbia
Mervyn Chandos, Colonel, Field Artillery, National. Army, 1917; Lieutenant Colonel, C.A.C., 1917. Colonel, 1920; awarded Distinguished Service Medal., Commander Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus (Italy), Commander Crown of Italy, War Cross of Czecho Slovacia, of Italy, Silver Medal of Montenegro, Commander, Danilo. First Service Medals for Spanish-American War, Porto Rico, Philippine Insurrection, World War, Station Army. Commander, Order Solaridad (Panama).
Rod. L. Carmichael South Carolina
Roderick Leland, Major General
commanded the 336th Field Artillery during WW1 and was Chief of Finance, US Army 1928 through his retirement in 1932. He is buried in Arlington.
Sherwood A. Cheney Connecticut
Sherwood Alfred, Brigadier General
Corps of Engineers, served in the Philippines and commanded the 110th engineers during WW1, becoming assistant to the Chief Engineer for the AEF at the end of the war. He achieved the Brigadier General rank as Deputy Chief Engineer and Director of the Army Transport Service after the war. He again achieved this rank as commander of several posts prior to his retirement in 1937. Awarded the Distinguished Service Medal and Croix de Guerre.
Seaborn G. Chiles Florida
Seaborn Green(yes, Seaborn Green love the name), "Seab" Chiles served with the 11th infantry nearly from graduation until his death. Assignments included engagements in Porto Rico, the Philippines and Cuba. In 1908 he was taken with illness and died suddenly.
Harold E. Cloke New Jersey
Harold Edward, commanded the 330th Field Artillery and the 160th Field Artillery Brigade, 85th Division, during WW1. Also listed as involved in the Spanish American War, his final rank was Colonel.
Edgar T. Collins Pennsylvania
Edgar Thomas, Major General
In the Spanish-American war he fought with the 1st Brigade in the battles of El Caney and San Juan Hill and during the siege of Santiago. He went to France in 1917 as an observer on the British and French fronts and returned in 1918 to become Chief of Staff, 85th Division, where he played a prominent part in the operations of the St. Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne offensives. Later Collins rose to the post of Chief of Staff, 6th Corps, and was awarded the Distinguished Service Medal. Following the war, staff and infantry instructor assignments led to his commanding the Infantry School, Fort Benning, Georgia, in 1926. Retired as Assistant Chief of Staff of the Army in 1932 he is buried in Arlington National Cemetery. His boss General Douglas MacArthur was one of the pall bearers at his funeral.
Arthur S. Conklin New York
Arthur Stewart, Brigadier General
commanded the 303rd Field Artillery during WW1 and was present at the engagements at St. Mihiel and Meusse-Argonne with the 1st Army, and later with the 2nd Army on the Woevre front until the Armistice. His record ends in 1919 in New York, but it is noted that he progressed through the ranks to achieve Brigadier General, and was buried in Arlington with full military honors.
Edgar T. Conley Maryland
Edgar Thomas, Major General
Adjutant General of the Army from 1935 to 1938. It is interested to note that his classmate Charles Bridges was previously in this position as noted above. He was awarded the Silver Star medal “for gallantry in action against Spanish forces at Santiago”; Distinguished Service Medal “for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services American Expeditionary Force” Episcopalian. Served in Santiago Campaign in Cuba, 1898. His son Edgar Thomas Conley, Jr. was also a graduate of West Point, became a Brigadier General and received the Distinguished Service Medal for actions during the Korean War.
William D. Connor Iowa
William Durwood, Major General
graduated 1st in this class and was superintendentof West Point from 1932 until 1938. Served in the Spanish American War and the Philippines where he was awarded a Silver Star. He was appointed Deputy Chief of Staff for the AEF when the United States entered WW1. In July 1918, he was promoted to brigadier general, and given command of the 63rd Brigade, 32nd Infantry Division. At the Battle of Château-Thierry, he was awarded a second Silver Star. For his World War I service, he was awarded the Distinguished Service Medal. He also received the Order of the Bath from Britain and from France, he received the Croix de guerre and was named a Commander of the Legion of Honour. After the war he served as Commanding General of American forces in France until 1920. Returning to the United States, Connor served as the Chief of Transportation Service in 1921, Deputy Chief of Staff, US Army, in 1922 and Commanding General of US Army forces in China, 1923 to 1926. He was promoted to major general in 1925, serving as commander of the 2nd Infantry Division until 1927, and as Commandant of the Army War College until 1932. He retired but later was recalled during WW2. He is buried at West Point.
Clarence R. Day Kentucky (the original owner)
Clarence Richmond, achieved highest rank of Colonel with the Aviation Section of the Signal Corps in charge of air service, service and supplies at Tours, France during WW1, later being assigned as a representative of Air Service at General headquarters. Early career was with 5th Cavalry in Hawaii and was later transferred to 4th Cavalry in 1915 just before the war.
H. M Dichmann Wisconsin
Henry Magdeburg, last rank of Colonel in charge of 75th infantry at Camp Lewis, Washington. Had several stints with different infantry units included the 26th, 24th, 8th, 31st and finally the 63rd as a Lt. Colonel during the War. No WW1 service as he had a couple of lengthy hospital stays during this period.
Halstead Dorey Missouri
commander, 2nd Infantry (Pacific command) 1934-1935. Decorated with the Distinguished Service Cross and Distinguished Service Medal (United States); Officer Legion of Honor and Croix de Guerre (French); Purple Heart and Silver Star (United States, each 3 oak leaf clusters). He served much of his career with the 4th Infantry in the Santiago campaign and the Philippine Insurrection as a junior officer, and later as commanding officer in World War I.
The Distinguished Service Cross: When his men had become almost exhausted by twelve days of continuous fighting against stubborn resistance and had suffered heavy casualties, Colonel Dorey, himself suffering from a painful wound, went forward from his post of command through a heavy enemy barrage to the front line, where he reorganized his forces and directed the attacking units for two days until he was again severely wounded. His conspicuous bravery inspired his troops to the successful assault of a strongly fortified ravine and woods, which were of vital importance, and resulted in the capture of numerous prisoners and important material.
The Distinguished Service Medal: He commanded with distinction the 4th Infantry, 3d Division, during the battle of the Marne, the advance from the Marne to the Ourcq and in the St. Mihiel and Argonne-Meuse offensives. It was his regiment that led the advance to the Ourcq, capturing Chamel, Charmel-Chateau, Villardelle Ferme and Rhoncheres. The successes attained by his command were greatly influenced by the high qualities of leadership he continually displayed in all these operations.
He served as aide to Generals Hall, Ludlow, and Leonard Wood after the war in the Philippines and eventually took command of the Hawaiian division (Pacific Commander) from which he retired.
William M Fassett New Hampshire
William Mason, Brigadier General
served in the Spanish–American War, Philippine–American War, and World War I, and he received the Distinguished Service Medal among several other awards. Fasset served in the Spanish–American War in Santiago de Cuba, and he earned a Silver Star in that conflict. He then participated in the Philippine–American War. After serving in various positions in the United States, Fasset became the Chief of Staff of the 31st Infantry Division. After his promotion to the rank of brigadier general on October 1, 1918, Fasset assumed command of the 37th Infantry Brigade of the American Expeditionary Forces. In addition to receiving the Distinguished Service Medal for his performance, Belgium awarded him the Croix de Guerre and France awarded him the Legion of Honour. He retired at his permanent rank of Colonel in 1924, but Congress restored his rank to Brigadier General in 1930.
Harley B. Ferguson North Carolina
Harly Bascom, Major General
served in several conflicts including the Spanish–American War and World War I, and he received the Distinguished Service Medal. After serving in Cuba during the Spanish–American War, Ferguson participated in the Philippine–American War starting in 1899. He served as Chief Engineer during the China Relief Expedition in 1900. During World War I in France, between September 12, 1917, and June 16, 1918, Ferguson commanded the 105th Engineers, and he served as the Second Corps Engineer from June 17, 1918, to October 3, 1918. He was promoted to the rank of brigadier general on August 8, 1918. Ferguson was promoted to major general on December 3, 1934, and he retired from the army in 1939, though he was recalled to active duty in 1942.
Harold B. Fiske Oregon
Harold Benjamin, Major General
served in several conflicts including World War I, and he received the Distinguished Service Medal and numerous other awards. Fiske served in the Spanish–American War and later in the Philippine–American War, earning a Silver Star in the latter conflict. He participated in the United States occupation of Veracruz in 1914. Fiske was promoted to the rank of brigadier general on June 26, 1918, and he served as the assistant Chief of Staff for training at the general headquarters of the American Expeditionary Forces, receiving the Distinguished Service Medal for his efforts in that position. He participated in several World War I battles, including the Battle of Saint-Mihiel, the Second Battle of the Marne, and the Meuse-Argonne Offensive. Fiske received several awards from foreign countries, including the Croix de Guerre and the Legion of Honour from France, the Order of Leopold from Belgium, and the Order of the Crown of Italy. He was promoted to major general on August 1, 1933.
T. T. Frissell Missouri
Thomas Taylor, last rank shows as Captain with the 24th Infantry in the Philippines in 1908. There is a document showing him as acting Quartermaster at Fort Rosecrans, California in 1917. He signs as a Captain, USA, Ret'd Disbursing Officer so possibly recalled for WW1. There is also a reference to a Major Thomas T. Frissell , Ret. as a recruiting officer in San Francisco in 1924
B. C. Gilbert New Mexico
Charles Bertram, changed name to Bertram Charles Gilbert before graduating. Retired as a Captain in 1911 in the Artillery Corps. Severed in Cuba and the Philippines, and also a 4 year stint as an instructor at the academy early in his career.
C. G. Hall North Carolina
Chalmers Gaither, as a Captain during WW1 served as commanding officer of the 4th Motor Mechanics regiment, Romaratin, France and then with the Air Service Production Center. Then to London after the war as Chief of Production for the Night Bombardment Section, and finally to Washington in the Office of the Director of Air Service.
M. Elting Hanna Ohio
Matthew, was United States "minister" to both Guatemala and Nicaragua towards the end of his career. United States Cavalry, 1897- 1913. Participated in battles and siege of Santiago, Cuba, 1898. Recommended for brevet for gallantry. Aide de camp to General Leonard Wood. Military Governor of Cuba, 1898-1902. Created and administered Public School System of Cuba, 1900-1902. Military Attache, American Legation, Habana, 1902-1904. Instructor., Army Staff College, 1907-1909. Special Agent of United States Government, in Panama, 1909. General Staff, United States Army, 1910-1912. Special Representative of United States Army at German Imperial Maneuvers, 1911. Inspector General, Massachusetts Militia, 1912-1914. Served in Embassies in Mexico, 1917-1921. Berlin, 1924-1925; Chief of Division., Department of State, 1921-1924. Inspector of Legations and Embassies, 1926-1927. Secretary, International Conference of American States, Havana, 1928. Counselor of Embassy, Lima, 1928-1929. Appointed Minister to Nicaragua, since 1929. (later to Guatemala in 1933). Author of Tactical Principles and Problems, 1909. Highest rank shown was Lieutenant.
Roy B. Harper Illinois
Roy Beveridge, Second Lieutenant, 1897, to Colonel, 1924. Served in Cavalry Field Artillery, Commissary Department, Quartermaster Corps, Adj. General’s. Department Two citations for gallantry in action during operations of China Relief Expedition, 1900.
Service medals, Spanish War. Service (1898), Cuban Occupation (1899) both 7th Cavalry, and China Campaign (1900) with the 7th or 3rd Cavalry (likely still 7th, records are conflicted. China battles include the Battle of Yangstun, Battle of Pekin, the Taking of the Imperial City and the Expedition against the Pa-ta-Chow Temples. Philippine Campaign (1901) 3rd Cavalry. Mexican Campaign (1916). World War (1917). No detailed record found for these three Campaigns.
G. W. Helms Virginia
George Willis, achieved rank of Colonel in the 12th? infantry ultimately. Early service in the Philippines with the 1st and 19th infantry. WW1 Service shows as being with the 19th infantry Signal Corps, with highest rank as a colonel which became permanent in 1921. No record found of any service with the 12th. Also received the Daughters of the Confederacy Cross of Military Service for WW1 so he was a direct descendant of a confederate soldier. He is buried in Arlington.
John H. Hughes New York
John Hendricken, Major General
Commanding General of the PhilippineDivision in 1937, and then appointed Commanding General of the PhilippineDepartment in 1940. He retired, but was recalled back in to service from 1941 to 1945 for WW2. He was awarded the Distinguished Service Medal for actions during WW1. He is buried in Arlington.
1917-08-05 Lieutenant-Colonel (Temporary)
1918-01-26 Colonel (Temporary)
1919-08-31 Reverted to Major
1917-09-25 – 1917-12-07 Camp Inspector, Camp Sherman, Ohio
1918-01-XX – 1919-07-XX Attached to Office Inspector-General, Services of Supply [France]
1919-08-XX – 1920-06-20 Attending the School of the Line
1920-06-XX – 1921-06-XX Attending the General Staff School
1921-06-XX – 1922-08-XX Instructor at General Service Schools
1922-09-XX – 1925-09-30 Executive Officer, Office of the Chief of Infantry
1925-10-01 – 1925-12-15 Attending a Refresher Course, Infantry School
1925-12-16 – 1927-09-30 Commanding Officer 26th Infantry Regiment
1927-10-01 – 1931-07-05 Chief of Staff, 1st Corps Area
1931-07-06 – 1931-10-01 Commanding Officer 18th Infantry Regiment
1931-10-01 – 1933-07-05 Commanding Officer 14th Brigade
1933-07-06 – 1937-04-15 Assistant Chief of Staff (G-3)
1937-07-03 – 1938-02-25 Commanding General Philippine Division
1938-02-26 – 1939-07-24 Commanding General Philippine Department
1940-02-09 – 1940-02-29 Temporary Commanding General 2nd Corps Area
1941-09-26 – 1942-02-22 Member of Board of Officers to Recommend Removal or Retention of Officers on Active List, Regular Army
1942-02-23 – 1942-11-02 Member of War Department Personnel Board
1942-11-03 – 1945-02-01 Member of the Secretary of War's Personnel Board
Frederick E. Johnston Iowa
Frederick Edgar, last shown as honorably discharged as a temporary Colonel after WW1 in 1918 as Acting Artillery Brigade Commander for the 327th Regiment, 159th Field Artillery Brigade, 84th Division in the Coastal Artillery Corps. There is an entry after this referring to Corregidor in the Philippines.
B. M. Koehler Nebraska
Benjamin Martin, last assignment as Major in the CAC in 1914, shows an arrest and him without command, and then a dismissal. Served in the Philippines early in his career with specific engagement of the Taking of Tobaco. Per GO 48 in 1914, he was discharged for "conduct unbecoming and officer and a gentleman" and "Conduct to the prejudice of good order and military discipline".
R. E. Longan Missouri
Rufus Estes, Brigadier General
His epitaph on his tombstone indicates that he was on the initial G.S.C. list (British General Service Cross?), and was awarded the Navy Cross and the Distinguished Service Medal. Was involved in the Spanish America war, the Philippine Insurrection and WW1 in France. Both US medals were for his work at the Port of Embarkation in Hoboken, New Jersey during WW1.
W. H. McCornack Illinois
Willard Herman, Colonel served in Cuba, the Philippines and was in the Punitive Expedition in to Mexico. He was with the AEF at Chateau Thierry in France in 1918, and was with the American Mission to negotiate peace in 1919. Also wasSuperintendentof Yosemite National Park for a brief period in 1904.
Frank Ross McCoy Pennsylvania
He served in the Philippines, during World War I, and led an American relief mission to Tokyo after the 1923 earthquake. He served on the western front in Cuba, in the Philippines, and in the Santiago campaign. He was involved with the Battle of San Juan Hill. In Cuba and in the Philippines, he acted as aide to General Wood and was for several years aide to President Roosevelt after his promotion to Major General. In 1911, he was appointed a member of the General Staff, and in 1917, became a member of the General Staff of the American Expeditionary Force in Europe, where he commanded the 165th Infantry Regiment in 1918. He wrote Principles of Military Training (1917). From 1918 to 1919, he was Director of Transportation in the American Expeditionary Force. In 1919, he served as chief of staff in the American military mission to Armenia. He led a relief mission to Tokyo after the 1923 earthquake. From 1926 to 1929, he commanded the 3rd Infantry Brigade and the 1st Field Artillery Brigade. From 1932 to 1933, he served on the Lytton Commission investigating the Japanese military invasion and occupation of Manchuria. He retired on October 31, 1938, but was recalled between 1941 and 1942 to serve on the famous Roberts Commission, which was a presidentially-appointed commission headed by Supreme Court Justice Owen Roberts and formed in December 1941, shortly after the attack on Pearl Harbor by the Japanese, to investigate and report the facts relating to the attack. After the war, he became the chairman of the Far Eastern Commission, an international body created to determine the fate of postwar Japan. He received the Army Distinguished Service Medal and two Silver Stars. Commands held include VII Corps, Second Army and II Corps. His birthplace, the McCoy House, was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1973 and his papers are held by the Library of Congress. He is buried in Arlington.
Claude H. Miller Virginia
Claude Hamilton, Major General
Received the Distinguished Service Cross for actions in the Philippines. "The President of the United States of America, authorized by Act of Congress, July 9, 1918, takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to First Lieutenant (Infantry) Claude Hamilton Miller, United States Army, for extraordinary heroism while serving with 24th Infantry, in action at Naguilian, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 7 December 1899. When the command of which he was a member was held up in the crossing of the Rio Grande de Cagayan by rifle fire of a well-entrenched enemy, and being without boats or rafts with which to cross, Lieutenant Miller hastily constructed a raft made of bamboo, strips of shelter tents, and personal equipment, an on this flimsy affair with two soldiers volunteered to cross the river. Displaying great gallantry and with utter disregard for his own safety Lieutenant Miller crossed the river in the face of heavy rifle fire and took part in an attack which drove the enemy from the trenches and the town occupied by them, thereby making possible the further advance of the command." Was with the Punitive Expedition before WW1. Served with the Inspector General in France at Bordeaux and Tours as a Colonel. Service on this record ends there but he was eventually promoted to Major General.
Lawrence S. Miller Vermont
Lawrence Sprague, Colonel commanded the 306th Field Artillery in France in 1918. He is buried in Arlington.
Seth M. Milliken Maine
Seth Mellen, son of the founder of Deering-Milliken and of the same name. The Milliken family was #67 of the Forbes list of America's richest families in 2015 but fell of the list in 2016. It's President and CEO Roger Milliken was politically active and known as the Godfather of the American conservative movement until his death in 2010. Seth (Jr. I presume) had a brief stint with the Army after graduating but went to work with his father at Deering-Milliken in New York in 1900.
Geo. E. Mitchell Michigan
George Edward, Colonel served in the Philippines and the Punitive Expedition in to Mexico, in France with the General Staff AEF Headquarters Chaumont, France in 1917 to 1918 and then to Washington with the War Plans Division, retired 1923. Awarded Officer Legion of Honor, is buried in Arlington.
John K. Moore Ohio
John Kirkpatrick, served in Cuba, with the China Relief Expedition and in the Philippines, achieving the rank of Captain before passing away due to an illness in 1908.
Henry S. Morgan Georgia
Henry Sims, died a young hero trying to save sailors from a wrecked ship of the coast of Savannah, Georgia, where he was in charge of hastily building a Fort for defense of the coast during the Spanish American war in 1899. Being from Valdosta and a member of the Army football team, many from there believe he may be Valdosta's first football player. The defense he built is a tourist attraction and the Fortification was renamed after him in his Honor in 2006. It took them 8 years to find his body. There is a great article on him on the Valdosta Times website and he has become somewhat of a local legend. Apparently the cadets commissioned a plaque for him at West Point some time after the accident but I am not sure if it is still there.
Andrew Moses Texas
Major General, Pacific Commander of the Army, Asst. Chief of Staff War Department. Received the Distinguished Service Cross.
Commissioned as Second Lieutenant, Infantry, June 11, 1897, Second Lieutenant of Artillery, March 8, 1898, and advanced through the grades to Colonel, July 1, 1920, and to Brigadier General, September 19, 1929, and then to Major General, December 1, 1935.He served as a member of the General Staff, November 14, 1914-August 16, 1917; as Brigadier General (temporary), June 26, 1918-March 15, 1920; Commander, 156th Brigade of Field Artillery, 81st Division in the United States and in France. He was Chairman, Joint Board for Re-delivery of Troop Transports, 1919-20; Commandant of Cadets, Agricultural and Mechanical School, College Station, Texas, 1907-11, also National Guard and organized reserves duty in various states; Director, Army War College, 1921-23, 1928-29; Commanding Coast and Antiaircraft Artillery Defenses, Panama Canal, 1930-31; Assistant Chief of Staff, War Dept, October 8, 1931-October 7, 1935; on duty Army Group, Washington, D.C., October 8, 1935-February 6, 1936;
Commanding the Hawaiian Division and Schofield Barracks, March 11, 1936-July 30, 1937; Commanding the Hawaiian Department, 1937-38; retired June 30, 1938. Buried with full military honors in Arlington National Cemetery.
Jas. N. Munro Minnesota
James Noble, his 1929 obituary reads "Col. J. M. Munro, retired, former chief of staff of the 88th division reserve officers, died early Tuesday morning, Oct. 22, at his home near Frontenac. Born in Lake City Oct. 7, 1870, he was educated there and after attending the University of Minnesota for three years received a West Point appointment. Upon being graduated from the academy and commissioned, he served in the service of his country on the southern and western frontiers and in the Philippine islands until 1922, when he was appointed chief of staff of the 88th division. He was retired in 1925 and had lived near Frontenac since."
Pierce A. Murphy Washington
Pierce Ambrose, Colonel and Chief of Staff of the 83rd division at the time of his untimely death at age 53. Served in the Philippines, on the border with Mexico prior to WW1. During WW1 was with the 1st Division commanding the horse section of the ammunition train, then with the 42nd division as Inspector and commanding trains, then commanding the 140th Infantry, 35th division, then commanding the 326th Infantry, 82nd division after the armistice. He is buried in Arlington.
Willard D. Newbill Virginia
Willard Douglas, Colonel. Field Artillery, 1917. Spanish War, 1898. Philippine Insurrection, 1899-1901. World War American Expeditionary Forces Commanding 3rd Field Artillery, 6th Division. in France, 1918-1919. Retired. 1922, after 25 years of service. Assistant Ad.it. General, Virginia., since 1926.
J. C. Oakes New York
John Calvin, Colonel, Corps of Engineers, served in the Philippines and WW1, primarily on construction projects related both during and after the war. The extent of the projects he worked on is quite lengthy and although not glamorous he probably deserves a lot more attention for his work. Graduated second in this class. Buried in Arlington.
Winfield S. Overton New York
Winfield Scott, Jr., Major, Field Artillery, Commissioned Additional Second Lieutenant, 1st United States Artillery, 11 June 1897 Second Lieutenant, 3rd United States Artillery, 8 March 1898 First Lieutenant, 7th United States Artillery, 15 March 1899 Artillery Corps, 2 February 1901 Captain, 22 August 1901 Major Overton died 26 April 1946 and was buried with full military honors in Section 2 of Arlington National Cemetery. Retired from wounds received in action in 1908 but was recalled as an instructor in 1917 and taught cadets at Harvard, Yale and Cal Berkley. There is a film of him online from the library of Congress of him as a young Lieutenant escorting President McKinley on horseback with several Generals in the lead and cadets from the USMA behind them. They do not identify him but do caption the film clip.
Earle (or Earl) D'Arcey Pearce Georgia
Colonel, there is a reference to him as a commandant at Georgia Tech in 1928 and earlier in 1921 at the University of Washington as a professor of military tactics. He is buried in Arlington.
Fred A. Pearce Arkansas
Frederick Anderson, Lt., died very young in 1899 in Manila "by his own hand". Not sure if this was accidental or possibly a suicide. He is buried in Arlington.
Francis H. Pope (Kansas/At Large)
Francis Horton, Brigadier General, awarded Distinguished Service Medal
as a Colonel in WW1 with the Motor Transport Corps, American Expeditionary Forces for "exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. As Chief of the Motor Transport Service, American Expeditionary Forces, Colonel Pope developed a national organization for the operation and maintenance of the motor transport of American Expeditionary Forces, and as Deputy Chief, Motor Transport Corps, American Expeditionary Forces, was largely instrumental in further developing and applying this organization, thereby rendering exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service to the United States." Additional Second Lieutenant, 2nd U. S. Cavalry, 11 June 1897 Second Lieutenant, 19 June 1897 First Lieutenant, 2 February 1901 Captain, 15th U. S. Cavalry, 4 April 1903 1918 Director of the Division of Motor Transport Service, American Expeditionary Force, Western Front 1918 - 1919 Deputy Director of Motor Transport Corps, American Expeditionary Force, Western Front 1927 - 1931 Assistant Quartermaster General of the Army 1940 Retired 1941 Recalled 1943 Retired. Buried in Arlington. Served in the Philippines, with the Punitive Mexican operation, and became the Director of Motor Transport Service, under the Chief of Utilities for the AEF in France towards the end of the war. Shown as assistant Chief of Motor Transports Service in Washington in 1919. His father was Major General John Pope, USMA Class of 1842, best known for his defeat by General Lee at Manassas in the second Battle of Bull run. And John's father was prominent politician and Jurist Nathaniel Pope of Illinois, with Nathaniel's father being Lt. Colonel William Pope of the Revolutionary War who later founded Louisville.
John C. Raymond Pennsylvania
Captain, died in an incident with a subordinate soldier in 1909. His bio with a large profile picture and detailed description of this event can be found the USMA Annual Report for 1908 on google book search. Believed to be the youngest commanding officer at the battle of San Juan Hill and Santiago. Served two tours in the Philippines. His father was Brigadier General Charles W. Raymond class of 1865 and his brother Robert R. was class of 1893.
C. D. Roberts Wyoming
Charles Duval, Brigadier General, MEDAL OF HONOR RECIPIENT plus
"The President of the United States of America, in the name of Congress, takes pleasure in presenting the Medal of Honor to Second Lieutenant (Infantry) Charles Duval Roberts, United States Army, for extraordinary heroism on 1 July 1898, while serving with 17th U.S. Infantry, in action at El Caney, Cuba. Second Lieutenant Roberts gallantly assisted in the rescue of the wounded from in front of the lines under heavy fire of the enemy." Born at Cheyenne Agency, South Dakota on June 18, 1873. He graduated from West Point in 1897 and with honors from the Army School of the Line, 1912, Army Staff College, 1913, Army War College, 1920. Commissioned Second Lieutenant, Infantry, June 11, 1897 and advanced through the grades to Brigadier General February 29, 1929. He retired from active duty on June 18, 1937. During his career he was awarded the Medal of Honor, Croix de Guerre (France), Officer of the Order of Leopold (Belgium). During World War I he served as Chief of Staff for the 81st Division, and earned the Distinguished Service Medal. He died on October 24, 1966 at Silver Spring, Maryland, and was buried with full military honors in Section 2 of Arlington National Cemetery.
T. A. Roberts Illinois
Thomas Arnett, Sr., Medal, Silver Star, Purple Heart. Spanish American War and WW1 Service. Buried at Ft. Sam Houston National Cemetery. His son Thomas Arnett, Jr., was also a graduate of USMA 1920 and was KIA while commanding the artillery of the 2nd Armored division in the Battle of Normandy. His son is buried in the Brittany American Cemetery in Normandie, France.
Edward A. Roche Rhode Island (+Wyoming)
Edward Anthony, Colonel, "WASHINGTON, March 29, 1941 – The death here yesterday of Colonel A. Roche, USA, retired, in Emergency Hospital was announced by the War Department today. He was 67 years old. Colonel Roche was graduated from the United States Military Academy, West Point, New York, in 1897. He retired as a Major in April 1920, but was recalled to active duty in the same year for a few months, and then promoted to the rank of Colonel."
E. O. Sarratt South Carolina
Edwin Oliver, Colonel, appointed additional 2ndlt., 3rd U. S. Artillery Rgt. Feb. 10, 1898 2ndIt. March 2, 1899 1stlt., 6th U. S. Artillery Rgt. Philippine Insurrection; March 2, 1900 transferred to 4th U. S. Artillery Rgt. 1900-1902 math instructor at West Point; Feb. 2, 1901 transferred to Artillery Corps; Aug. 1, 1901 capt. 1916-1917 commanded Ft. Sherman in Canal Zone; col. World War I--field artillery regimental commander with American Expeditionary Force; 1919 coast artillery commander at Ft. Hamilton, N. Y. 1920 retired for disability; July 16, 1941 died at San Antonio, Texas
Frank M. Savage Alabama
Frank Marion, Captain, two tours of the Philippines with several listed engagements, China Relief Expedition, mostly with the 15th Infantry. Unfortunately Was arrested and dismissed in 1914 per General Order 49 as he was found "being commanding officer of a provisional battalion of two (2) companies of the 15th Infantry, was in uniform in a public place in a helplessly drunken condition, to the scandal and disgrace of the service."
Edgar A. Sirmeyer Michigan
Edgar Alexander, Colonel, C. Addl. Second Lieutenant, Sixth Cavalry, 1897. Temporary Lieutenant Colonel Cavalry, 1917. Temporary Colonel, 1918-1920. Colonel of Cavalry, 1920. War Department Citations for Gallantry in action at Battle of Santiago, Cuba, 1898 and Philippine Islands, 1899. General Staff Eligible List. Prof, of Military Science and Tactics, Clemson College, South Carolina. 1902-1904; Commanded 79 Field Artillery 7 Division. in France, 1918-1919.
Henry C. Smither (Indian Territories/At Large)
Henry Carpenter, Brigadier General, Army Football Coach in 1906 to 1907 (7-2-1), Distinguished Service Medal, 2 Silver Stars, Legion of Honor
Below are just small excerpts from his lengthy and glowing testimony from colleagues about his service in the Army:
"Brigadier General Henry Carpenter Smither was born at Fort Sill, Oklahoma (then Indian Territory) on July 28, 1873, the son of Major Robert G. Smither, 10th Cavalry and Mary Smither. His father, a veteran cavalry officer of the Civil War and Indian campaigns"
"Accustomed from childhood to a vigorous, outdoor life, Smither developed a great fondness for athletics, particularly football, in which he was to prove his prowess later on as a prominent member of the Army teams of his cadet days."... "After the outbreak of the Spanish-American War, in April 1898, he accompanied the 1st Cavalry to Cuba and served throughout the campaign that resulted in the surrender of Santiago. He participated with his regiment in the engagements at Las Guasimas and San Juan; was cited for gallantry in action in each and served for a time as engineer officer on the Staff of General Leonard Wood."... "From August 21, 1900 to August 13, 1904, Smither was on duty as an instructor in the Department of Drawing at West Point and also rendered valuable services to the Academy's football interests during those years by his work as a coach. He was promoted to first lieutenant on February 2, 1901 and to the grade of captain on June 6, 1903. On the expiration of his tour of duty at West Point, he joined and assumed command of his troop, D of the 15th Cavalry, at Fort Ethan Allen, Vermont. In the autumn of 1906, this regiment (less one squadron) was ordered to Cuba as one of the units of the Army of Cuban Pacification. Smither served with the 15th Cavalry during its tour of duty in Cuba, returned with the regiment to the United States in February 1909 and was stationed with his troops at Fort Myer, Virginia, until December 3, 1912. On that date, he was detailed in the Quartermaster Corps and remained on that duty until March 18, 1913, when he was detailed to the General Staff and ordered to Washington."
"He served on the General Staff in Washington until October 1915. Then, being due for another tour of foreign service, he was relieved and assigned to the 9th Cavalry at Douglas, Arizona, that regiment having been ordered to the Philippines. He accompanied the regiment to the Islands and served with it as a troop commander at Camp Stotsenburg until notification was received of his promotion to the grade of major to rank as such from January 30, 1917. Soon after the United States entered the War, cabled orders began to arrive in the Philippines for the return of certain officers and organizations to the home land. Among the organizations ordered home was Smither’s old regiment, the 15th Cavalry, which had been stationed at Fort William McKinley, near Manila, since November 1915. Early in September, he was ordered to return to the United States with this regiment. On joining, he was assigned to the command of the 2d Squadron and sailed from Manila with the regiment on September 15th. On his arrival at San Francisco, October 8th, he found awaiting him a commission as colonel, Signal Corps and orders which directed him to proceed at once to Washington, prepared for immediate service with the American Expeditionary Force (A.E.F.).
On his arrival in France, in November 1917, he was assigned to the Training Section of the Air Service with station in Paris, but a few weeks later was detailed as a member of the General Staff, A.E.F. and ordered to duty at G.H.Q. When, under the provisions of General Orders 31, G.H.Q., A.E.F., dated February 4, 1918, the great supply organization, known as the Services of Supply (S.0.S.) came into existence as successor to the old organization, known as the Line of Communications (L.0.C.), Smithers was designated as Assistant Chief of Staff, G-4, at Headquarters S.0.S., located at Tours."
"On his return to the United States, in February 1919, Smither was assigned to duty as Assistant Director in the Purchase, Storage and Traffic Division, General Staff, Washington, D.C. On July 1, 1920, he was promoted to the grade of colonel of cavalry in the permanent establishment and on August 20th, was detailed on general staff duty with troops and assigned to duty as Chief of Staff of the 3rd Division at Camp Pike, Arkansas.
In June 1921, on the recommendation of General Dawes, Smither was detailed by the President to fill the newly created office of Chief Coordinator, under the supervision of the Bureau of the Budget, an office that he occupied with distinction for the remainder of his active duty career."
"On June 18, 1925, Smither was appointed to the grade of brigadier general."
"During the course of his active duty career, Smither received the following decorations: For gallantry in action at Las Guasimas and Santiago, Cuba, he was awarded two Silver Star citations. For his exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services with the American Expeditionary Forces, he was awarded the Distinguished Service Medal, the French Legion of Honor (Officer) and the Panamanian Order of La Solidaridad (2d Class)." Buried at West Point.
William S. Valentine Texas (maybe the group picture is for him)
William Stanley, Colonel served in the Philippines (13th Cavalry) and the excursion in to Mexico (10th Cavalry), then to Washington during WW1 with the Quartermaster Corps in the office of the Adjutant General and later at the War College, then to the Port of Embarkation, Hoboken, New Jersey after the end of the War where his service record ends. There is reference to him at the War Department in 1920 in the office of the Chief of Staff for the Department of Appraisers. He is buried at West Point.
Lyman M. Welch California
Lyman Mowry, Captain, went to the Philippines twice, became sick both times (probably Malaria) and sent home, retired in 1906 with disability.
Louis C. Wolf Wisconsin
Louis Casper, 1st Lt., ranked 3rd in class, retired with disability in 1901, then died in 1903 at age 30.
John G. Workizer Missouri
John Girardin, Major, Coastal Artillery Corps, died June 24th, 1918 at the age of 43. Was with the 4th and then 2nd infantry early in his career and served in Cuba and two tours to the Philippines. He is buried in Arlington.
There are 28 photos in the front without names of what I have found to be Military staff and Faculty after the first four pictures the two Presidents of that year (election year), the commander of the Army and the Commandant of the Academy. They appear to be ordered by rank and/or age and tenure at the time of the publicationof the yearbook but the order below comes from the USMA registry as published by them in 1897 and that publication is ordered by department. I assume most if not all of the pictures are from the Military Staff and department heads so I have tried to identify them as best I can but three remain unidentified (#11, 24 and 28). The full faculty is listed below, but the lesser rank faculty I did not try to identify as it was clear that most if not all the photos are from the heads and military staff. First rank is at the time of publication, and highest rank is noted as follows:
Picture #1 President William McKinley (inaugurated march 1897)
Picture #2 President Grover Cleveland
Picture #3 Nelson A. Miles, Commanding General of the US Army
Picture #4 Brigadier General Oswald Herbert Ernst (June 27, 1842 – March 21, 1926)
was an astronomer, engineer, military educator, and career officer in the United States Army who became superintendent of the United States Military Academy. Over a forty-year career, Ernst served as an engineer during Sherman's Siege of Atlanta during the American Civil War, commanded U.S. troops at Coamo during the Spanish–American War, Cuba and sat on the original commission for the Panama Canal after retirement from active service.
Captain Wilber E. Wilder, 4th Cavalry, Adjutant of the Academy and of the Post, Band Leader. Confirmed picture #20, the MOH is clearly shown on his left breast.
Brigadier General, MEDAL OF HONOR
Wilber Elliott Wilder graduated from West Point in June, 1877, when he was just short of 21 years old. In 1886, he was a key figure in negotiating the surrender of the Apache chief Geronimo. While an Army Captain, he served as acting superintendent of Yellowstone National Park from March 15, 1899 - June 22, 1899. He also served in Spanish–American War, Pancho Villa Expedition, World War I. From 1913 to 1916, he was commander of Fort Myer. Commanded the 168th Infantry Brigade as a Brigadier General in WW1, which was ultimately his highest rank.
Captain William Fletcher Spurgin, 21st Infantry, Treasurer and Quartermaster, possibly #9 given rank at time
Brigadier General, buried at West Point
Captain John B. Bellinger, Asst. Quartermaster of the Army, Quartermaster of the Academy, Disbursing Officer. Only possibility is #17 photo but I am almost positive that is Lusk (below). Not sure why but given his position he should be shown. Could be #8.
Brigadier General, Distinguished Service Cross, was in charge of retrieving 5th Corps out of Cuba after the battle of Santiago due to Yellow fever, and then the building of Ft. Mills on Corregidor in the Philippines.
1st Lt. William Weigel, 11th Infantry, Asst. QM and Officer of Police (shown in the USMA Registry as at this position but it is not in his service record). Might be picture #27(looks like a young picture of him) but his uniform is Cavalry so I tend to believe his picture is not shown.
Major General, Commands held include Second Infantry Regiment, First Infantry Regiment, 151st Depot Brigade, 76th Division, 56th Infantry Brigade, 88th Division, Seventeenth Infantry Regiment and the Philippine Division. Battles/wars include Spanish–American War, Philippine–American War, World War I with engagements at Champagne-Marne, Aisne-Marne, Oise-Aisne, and Meuse-Argonne. Awarded the Distinguished Service Medal, Croix de Guerre with Palm and Legion of Honor, Commander. The USS General William Weigel from WW2 is named after him.
2nd. Lt. Harold P. Howard, 6th Cavalry, Commissary and Treasurer, in charge of Post Exchange (Relieved 1st Lt. Barrington K. West, 6th Cavalry on June 15th, 1897)
Brigadier General in WW1 but did not go to France, Graduated USMA in 91 but his military service record does not begin until 1901 in the 14th Cavalry. Possibly picture #26. It is possible that Barrington King West who he relieved is the this one also.
Major George H. Torney, Surgeon of the Army, and of the post. Confirmed picture #6
Brigadier General, 21st Surgeon General of the US Army from 1909 to 1913.
Captain Charles Field Mason, Asst. Surgeon of the Army Likely photo #10 (almost 95% sure)
Brigadier General, of Virginia Appointed from Virginia, Assistant Surgeon, U. S. Army, 1 May 1886 Resigned 25 March 1887 Assistant Surgeon, 2 July 1888 Major, Brigade Surgeon of Volunteers, 4 June 1898 Honorably discharged from the volunteer service, 2 March 1899 Major, Surgeon, 26th U. S. Volunteer Infantry, 5 July 1899
Honorably discharged from the volunteer service, 13 May 1901 Major, Surgeon, United States Army, 9 December 1901. He is buried in Arlington.
Captain Francis A. Winter, Asst. Surgeon of the Army likely #23
Brigadier General, became chief surgeon for the AEF in France for all personnel except front lines during WW1, then was Chief Surgeon AEF England after the war. Prior to that worked notably at Siboney Hospital in Cuba and with the 37th US Volunteer in the Philippines. Director of the Army Medical Library in 1918 and then Commandant of the Army Medical School in Washington, D.C. in 1919.
Department of Tactics
Lt. Col. Otto L. Hein, Captain 1st Cavalry, Commandant of Cadets (Relieved Lt. Col. Samuel M. Mills, 5th Artillery on June 15th, 1897), fairly certain that he is photo #12 as I see a 1 and an oak leaf on his cavalry shoulder board.
was brieflysuperintendentin 1898 in the absence of Helms, most of his service was in the west during the Indian Wars, served as an attache in Vienna for a period, then wassuperintendentof Yosemite for a summer. Went to the Philippines with the 3rd Cavalry in 1902, retired a Lt. Colonel. Buried in Arlington.
Brigadier General Samuel Meyers Mills, Jr. is possibly photo #15.
General Mills served as the United States Army's chief of artillery from 1905 to 1906. He was the great-grandson of William Mills, a soldier in the American Revolution who enlisted in January 1776 and served seven years in Captain Caleb North's Company under Colonel Anthony Wayne. The fortification on Corregidor Island, the Philippines, was designated a United States Military Reservation in 1907 and named Fort Mills in Brigadier General Mills's honor. Fort Mills, nicknamed "The Rock", was twice the site of heavy fighting during World War II, initially as the site of the Allies' last defense of the Philippines on May 2, 1942, after their defeat at Bataan, and subsequently during the Allied liberation of the Philippines under Gen. Douglas MacArthur in February 1945. In Mills's honor, the USS General Samuel M. Mills, Jr., a mine planter ship, was built in 1908-09 by the New York Shipbuilding Company of Camden, New Jersey, for the Submarine Mine Service of the United States Coast Artillery Corps.
Captain James Parker, 4th Cavalry, Senior Instructor Cavalry Tactics. Believed to be picture #27 although he looks young, but Parker did live until 1934 and all of his pictures I could find were of him when he was older.
Major General, MEDAL OF HONOR, Distinguished Service Medal, 3 Silver Stars.
He spent his early years serving in the Fourth United States Cavalry participating in the Indian Wars of the Southwest. His military career was influenced by the magnetic personality of the commander of the Fourth Cavalry, General Ranald S. Mackenzie, a legend for his success as a cavalry commander in the American Civil War. In May 1886, First Lieutenant Parker commanded one column of troops sent into Mexico to track down the famous Apache leader Geronimo and his band, and cooperated with Captain Henry W. Lawton and First Lieutenant Charles B. Gatewood when Geronimo was captured.
Later, he served as second in command of the 12th New York Infantry in Cuba during the Spanish–American War and saw significant combat while commanding the 45th Volunteer Infantry in the Philippine–American War during 1899 where he earned the Medal of Honor. From 1903 to 1904, he also served as Head of Militia Affairs in the Adjutant General's office.
During the First World War, General Parker served as Commander of the Southern Department, Fort Sam Houston, Texas from 31 March 1917 to 25 August 1917; as Division Commander of the 32nd Division from 25 August to 11 December 1917; and as Division Commander of the 85th Division from 11 December 1917 to 20 February 1918, when, having reached the statutory age of 64, he was retired from active service.
Medal of Honor citation
"While in command of a small garrison repulsed a savage night attack by overwhelming numbers of the enemy, fighting at close quarters in the dark for several hours."
In addition to the Medal of Honor, Major General Parker was awarded the Distinguished Service Medal and three Silver Stars for his service and battlefield exploits.
1st Lt. Grainger Adams, 5th Artillery
1st Lt. William H. Allaire, 23rd Infantry
1st Lt. Samson L Faison, 1st Infantry
1st Lt. John J. Pershing, 10th Cavalry (AEF Supreme Commander, unfortunately no photo)
2nd Lt. Julian R. Lindsey, 9th Cavalry
Dept. of Civil and Military Engineering
Gustav J. Fiebeger, Professor (1896) Confirmed photo #14
Colonel, Corps of Engineer, Distinguished Service Medal received for his 26 years at West Point.
1st Lt. Thomas H Rees, Corps of Engineers
1st Lt. Francis R. Shunk, COE
1st Lt. Chester Harding, COE
Department of Natural and Experimental Philosophy
Peter S. Michie, Professor (1871) confirmed photo #5
Achieved Brevet Brigadier General during the Civil War
Military History. — Cadet at the Military Academy, July 1, 1859, to June 11, 1863, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to First Lieut., Corps of Engineers, June 11, 1863.
Served during the Rebellion of the Seceding States, 1863-66: as Asst. Engineer in Operations against Charleston, S. C., June 29, 1863, to Jan. 16, 1864, comprising the construction of Batteries at north end of Folly Island, July 1-10, 1863, — Descent upon Morris Island, July 10, 1863, — building Left Breaching Batteries against Ft. Sumter, Aug. 19-31, 1863, — in charge of Siege Operations against Ft. Wagner, Sep. 1-7, 1863, — repairing Fts. Wagner and Gregg, Sep. to Nov., 1863, — and erecting Defenses at Cole's Island, mouth of the Stono River, Nov., 1863; p867 as Chief Engineer of the Northern District, Department of the South, Jan. 16 to Feb. 6, 1864, — and of the District of Florida, Feb. 6 to Apr. 13, 1864, being engaged in the Battle of Olustee, Feb. 20, 1864, — and in fortifying Jacksonville, Pilatka, and Yellow Bluff, St. John's River, Fla., Feb. to Apr., 1864; as Asst. Engineer, Army of the James, May 1 to Aug. 1, 1864, being engaged in the Skirmishes and Combat near Drury's Bluff, May 14-16, 1864, and in constructing defensive works on the James River, May to Sep., 1864; as Chief Engineer, Army of the James and Department of Virginia and North Carolina, Aug. 1 to Dec. 2, 1864, being engaged in constructing bridges across the James River at Varina and Deep Bottom, Sep. 29, 1864, — Assault and Capture of Ft. Harrison, Sep. 29, 1864, — constructing line of works north of the James, and Dutch Gap Canal, Sep. 30 to Dec. 2, 1864; as Chief Engineer
Bvt. Captain, and Bvt. Major, Oct. 28, 1864,
for Gallant and Meritorious Services during the Campaign of 1864 against Richmond, Va.
of the Army of the James and Department of Virginia, Dec. 2, 1864, to Mar. 30, 1865; as Asst. Inspector-General, 25th Army Corps,
(Bvt. Brig.-General, U. S. Volunteers, Jan. 1, 1865, for Meritorious Services in 1864)
Mar. 23 to July, 1865; and in charge of all Engineer Operations of the Column on the left of the Army of the Potomac, at Hatcher's Run, and in Pursuit of the Rebel Army till the Capitulation of General R. E. Lee at Appomattox C. H., Mar. 30 to Apr. 9, 1865.
Bvt. Lieut.-Col., Apr. 9, 1865,
for Gallant and Meritorious Services during the Campaign terminating at Appomattox C. H., Va.
Served: in making Survey of the theater of Operations about Richmond, Apr. 9, 1865, to Apr. 20, 1866; on leave of absence, Apr. 20, 1866,
After the war served various positions until his final and lengthy one it the department above. He is buried at West Point.
Captain William B. Gordon, Ordnance Dept. Confirmed photo #22 (4th Artillery Insignia on hat and collar).
Retired as Colonel, was initially with the 4th Artillery, then to Ordnance for the rest of his career. Volunteered briefly after mandatory retirement in WW1 for Ordnance at Aberdeen Proving Ground. Was credited with inventing the Model 1896 12 inch mortar carriage while at USMA. Buried at West Point.
1st Lt. Henry C. Davis, 3rd Artillery
2nd Lt. Joseph T. Crabbs, 8th Cavalry
1st Lt. Samuel D. Freeman, 10th Cavalry
2nd Lt. Harold P. Howard, 6th Cavalry
Department of Mathematics
Edgar W. Bass, Professor (1878) confirmed photo #16
Union Army 1862-1864, Sergeant Company K and Quartermaster Sergeant 8th Minnesota, 1st Lt. Corps of engineers 1871, retired 1898. As department head was credited with bringing modern mathematic definitions to the academy including differential calculus and trigonometry. Retired at the rank of Colonel.
Wright P. Edgerton, Assoc. Professor (with rank of Captain) (1893) confirmed photo #19
Lt. Colonel, son of Sydney Edgerton (congressman, 1st Chief Justice and founder of Idaho/Montana, 1st territorial Governor of Montana), because of this Wright filled the office of page to the Council of the First Legislature of Montana. Guarded Charles Guiteau after he assassinatedPresident Garfield, was first associate professor of math at West Point. Went to Porto Rico during the Spanish American War and contracted (likely) yellow fever from which he passed.
1st Lt. Daniel B. Devore, 23rd Infantry
1st Lt. Charles P. Echols, COE
1st Lt. John W. Joyes, Ordnance Dept.
2nd Lt. George Blakely, 2nd Artillery
2nd Lt. Jay E. Hoffer, 3rd Artillery
2nd Lt. William M. Cruikshank, 1st Artillery
2nd Lt. John H. Rice, 3rd Cavalry
2nd Lt. David M. King, 4th Artillery
Department of Chemistry, Mineralogy and Geology.
Samuel E. Tillman, Professor (1880) Confirmed photo #7.
Brigadier General, Distinguished Service Medal, USMA Superintendent, May have flown experimental aircraft 5 years before the Wright Brothers?
spent 30 years teaching at West Point and was a prolific writer of textbooks and other materials. Was responsible for revamping the science curriculum at West Point during his tenure. He was recalled in 1917 to besuperintendentof USMA because of the lack of instructors during WW1, for which he was awarded Brigadier General and the DSM. One peculiar entry in his biography is his purported involvement in 1897 in a UFO, which turned out (according to newspaper reports), to be a 60 foot long, cigar shaped flying machine, appearing to be battery powered, with large "props" on each end. He supposedly was on contract with a commercial entity from New York for this experiment, and was with infamous inventor Amos Dolbear (who likely invented the telephone several years before Alexander Graham Bell but ignored the patent and lost a fight for it in the Supreme Court). "Responding to sightings previously reported in the Morning News, on April 17, 1897, one respected Erath County farmer, C.L. McIlhany discovered such a craft had landed on his property, and reported two human operators, a pilot and an engineer, who gave their names as "S.E. Tilman" and "A.E. Dolbear." The two operators performed minor repairs on their electrically powered lighter-than-air craft, then again flew away". Tillman refused repeated request to include military aviation to the curriculum during his tenure as superintendent at a time when this was a very important part of the war effort.
1st Lt. Richmond P. Davis, 2nd Artillery
1st Lt. Edgar Russel, 5th Artillery
2nd Lt. Palmer E. Pierce, 6th Infantry
2nd Lt. William R. Smith, 1st Artillery
Department of Drawing
Charles W. Larned, Professor (1876) Likely #25 because of his rank (1st Lt.), although he is shown as a Colonel at his death.
Early in his career was an engineering officer in the 7th Cavalry on General George Custer's staff in a battle with the Sioux Indians on the Yellowstone River in 1873. Basically set up the entire department of drawing during his 41 years at USMA, and was instrumental if not solely responsible for the expansion of the academy, both in number of cadets and layout and architecture of the buildings at around the turn of the century. All of the latter happened after this yearbook which may explain his ascension to Colonel by his death. The department of drawing was not of high regard to the academy at the time and Mr. Larned was not the most studious in his military discipline until the end of his career as he was understandably more interested in drawing and non-military reading and the like.
1st Lt. Charles B. Hagadorn, 23rd Infantry
2nd Lt. Horace M. Reeve, 3rd Infantry
2nd Lt. Walter C. Babcock, 8th Cavalry
Department of Modern Languages
Edward E. Wood, Professor (1892) confirmed photo #13
Brigadier General, Enlisted as a private in the 17th Pennsylvania Cavalry, September 8, 1862. Promoted to sergeant, 1st sergeant, First lieutenant, acting regimental adjunct and staff officer on staff 1st Cavalry Division, Army of the Potomac. Honorary mustered out August 7, 1865.
He was captured at Occoquan, Virginia, on December 27, 1862, and confined in Castle Thunder, Richmond, Virginia. Then he was exchanged in May 1863, and thereafter was present in all campaigns and battles of cavalry corps, Army of the Potomac, including Gettysburg, Kilpatrick’s Richmond Raid, Wilderness, Trevillian, Winchester, Five Forks and Appomattox. Appointed cadet United States Military Academy, June 15, 1866. Second lieutenant 8th Cavalry, June 15, 1870. First lieutenant, July 1, 1873. Aide-de-Camp to General J. M. Schofield, 1879-1882. Captain, January 20, 1886. In the field against Geronimo in New Mexico,summer 1886. Professor USMA 1889.
1st Lt. Charles H. Hunter, 1st Artillery, Asst. Prof. of Spanish
1st Lt. Peter E. Traub, 1st Cavalry, Asst. Prof. of French
1st Lt. Marcus D. Cronin, 25th Infantry
2nd Lt. Samuel C. Hazzard, 1st Artillery
2nd Lt. William R Smedberg, Jr, 4th Cavalry
2nd Lt. Edward B. Cassatt, 4th Cavalry
2nd Lt. James M. Williams, 1st Artillery
Department of Law and History
George B. Davis, Lt. Colonel and Deputy Judge Advocate General of the Army, Professor, (1895) believed to be photo #7
Major General, 10th JAG Judge Advocate General of the US Army
In 1863, at the age of 16 years, he enlisted in the 1st Massachusetts Volunteer Cavalry. As a cavalryman and later a second lieutenant of volunteers, he served in 25 battles and engagements during the American Civil War. He was appointed Deputy JAG in 1895 but left to teach at USMA. He became JAG for the Army in 1901 and held that post for 10 years. Davis had several significant publications during his career. His Elements of Law and Elements of International Law (1897) were followed by his definitive Treatise on the Military Law of the United States in 1898. In addition, Davis authored several historical and professional works on the tactical use of cavalry. The War of the Rebellion, a 70-volume compilation of the official records of the Union and Confederate Armies, was principally his work and was published in his name in 1880-1901. General Davis guided his department through the Spanish–American War, and handled the investigation and trial of the notorious cases arising out of that war. He also represented the United States as delegate plenipotentiary to the Geneva Conventions of 1903 and 1906, and the Hague Convention of 1907. On February 14, 1911, General Davis retired with a promotion to major general.
1st Lt. Barrington K. West, 6th Cavalry, Asst. Professor (see above)
1st Lt. Walter A. Bethel, 3rd Artillery
2nd Lt. Frank G. Mauldin, 3rd Artillery
2nd Lt. Robertson Honey, 4th Artillery
Department of Practical Military Engineering, Military Signaling and Telegraphy
Captain James L. Lusk, COE, Instructor, (1893) confirmed photo #17
Lt. Colonel, achieved as chief engineer for 2nd Army. BecameAssistantto the Chief Engineer of the Army shortly after that. Supervised the construction of the new Academic Building, Cullum Memorial Hall and Battle Monument at West Point completed by 1898. Committed suicide possibly due to illness, and is buried at West Point.
1st Lt. E. Eveleth Winslow, COE, Asst. Instructor
Department of Ordnance and Gunnery
Captain Lawrence L. Bruff, Ordnance Dept US Army, Instructor (1891) confirmed photo #18
Colonel, was the author of numerous works on ordnance, among them being Exterior Ballistics, Gunpowder and Interior Ballistics, Notes on machine and Rapid Fire Guns, Gun Construction, United States Sea Coast Guns, Ordnance and Gunnery, etc., etc. He planned, organized and developed the present ordnance museum at the Academy. After 1900, he was Assistant to the Chief of Ordnance in Washington.
1st Lt. John T. Thompson, Ordnance Dept. US Army, Asst. Instructor
2nd Lt. Henry D. Todd, Jr., 3rd Artillery, Asst. Instructor
Rev. Herbert Shipman (1896) confirmed picture #21.
He was an American suffragan bishop in the Episcopal Diocese of New York under William Thomas Manning. His older sister was author Mary Raymond Shipman Andrews.
Photo #28 is in civilian clothing so might be one of the two below.
Herman J. Koehler, Master of the Sword
not pictured, he was the football coach
George Essigke, Teacher of Musicshlf
Titles of Distinction