antique original 1756 Grenadier's cap artillery battalion Holstein troops For Sale
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antique original 1756 Grenadier's cap artillery battalion Holstein troops :
A unique rare headband in excellent condition.From the old Russian collection.
Emperor Peter III, née Karl Peter Ulrich, was the son of the daughter of Peter the Great, Tsarevna Anna Petrovna and Duke of Schleswig-Holstein Karl Friedrich, and therefore from birth he bore the same ducal title as his father.The latter hoped that Russia would help him return Schleswig occupied by Denmark, which was the reason for his pro-Russian orientation.In 1739, Karl Friedrich died, and his son Karl Peter Ulrich became the figurehead of a small state and commander-in-chief of the small Holstein army.This was not prevented by the fact that from 1742 the prince lived in St. Petersburg and was brought up as the heir to the Russian throne.Peter III retained the title of Duke of Holstein until the end of his life.It is believed that, having become the heir, he brought a small detachment of Goltstein troops to Russia, which became his kind of personal guard.It is not excludedthat the reason for this decision was the realities of the era of palace coups in Russia.One way or another, the Holstein troops were stationed in the vicinity of St. Petersburg(in particular, in Oranienbaum, where the so-called"small courtyard" of the heir was located).There is no exact data on the composition and number of the Holstein troops before 1756.As of 1756, they consisted of three musketeer regiments(Tsege von Manteuffel, Duchess, Prince Wilhelm), a Grenadier battalion, a Borg artillery battalion, two cavalry regiments(Leib Dragoon and Leib cuirassier), as well as the Invalid Corps.Thus, the Holstein troops included units of all types of weapons - infantry(musketeers and grenadiers), light and heavy cavalry and artillery;parts, as it was accepted in the Prussian army, were named by the names of the chiefs.The disabled corps was intended for the social security of servicemen who became unfit for service due to age, illness or injury.Unfortunately, the states of these units have not survived, it is only known that in fact they were much weaker than similar Russians.
Over time, the number of Holsteins increased, and the number of units increased.In 1758, with the construction of a fortress in Oranienbaum, the Fortress garrison was formed, in 1760 - a hussar regiment.In 1761, the Holstein troops consisted of four musketeer regiments, two grenadier battalions, a garrison regiment, an artillery battalion, two dragoons, three cuirassiers and two hussars.After the accession of Peter III, the role of the Holsteins in the state became exclusive.According to the new emperor, it was they who were supposed to reform theRussian army"in a Prussian way".Exactly the same tactics were applied three decades later by Paul I, distributing soldiers and officers among the regiments“their "Gatchina troops.In practice, however, the Holsteinites quickly began to abuse the power given to them, which aroused the discontent of the Russian officers and the common people, who greatly contributed to the success of the palace coup in July 1762.In a very short time after its completion, the Holstein units were disbanded, and the use of the uniforms assigned to them discontinued.
Unlike the Russian army, the Holstein troops wore blue uniforms, which were almost completely identical to the Prussian ones in cut and finish.The distinction of the artillery battalion was the grenadier hats, which consisted of a round base, sewn from six pieces of leather, covered with colored cloth and decorated with a metal embossed forehead.For the lower ranks, the forehead was tinned copper and for the officers it was silvered.The image on the forehead was a complex composition, the semantic center of which was a two-headed eagle crowned with three imperial crowns.Below the eagle, in a crowned medallion crowned with palm branches, was placed the monogram"P", on the sides of the medallion with the monogram were depicted"military trophies "with cannon barrels.Along the edge, the forehead was decorated with a border with alternating images of flaming grenades and four-pointed rhombic stars.This forehead fully complies with the above description.It was made of a thick brass sheet by stamping, followed by the elaboration of small details using hand chasing and engraving, which is especially noticeable if we compare the image on the obverse with the counter-relief.Unfortunately, in the process of being used, the item was damaged(two corners are broken off and the center is cracked), but all the missing parts are preserved.The joints and cracks during the restoration process were soldered with low-melting solder, which made it possible to preserve the silver coating.The idea of the rarity of the forehead can be made on the basis that the number of officers in an artillery battalion could be no more than 15 - 20 people, even taking into account those on the lists.A unique item in good condition that does not require restoration.